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We evaluated the protective effects of antioxidant at the onset of fever on renal damage in a rat model of acute pyelonephritis. Twenty rats were allocated to four groups. In groups 1 to 3, the animals were given direct inoculation of Escherichia coli into the right kidney, and group four served as control. All rats in groups 1 to 3 were given once-daily(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the efficacy of botulinum toxin A in the treatment of children with detrusor hyperreflexia caused by myelomeningocele and the effects of this treatment on neuropathic bladder and bowel dysfunction. METHODS In a prospective study, 26 children with myelomeningocele (20 boys and 6 girls, mean age 6.9 years) were included. All patients(More)
OBJECTIVE Cervical myelomeningocele (cMMC) is a rare disease. Only a few series have been published regarding cMMC. Different issues regarding the etiology, classification, clinical, surgical, and pathological aspects of cMMC are still a matter of conflict. METHODS Sixteen children operated on for cMMC between July 2000 and 2003 were followed by the(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate short-term ureteral catheterization in patients undergoing ureteroscopic lithotripsy for ureteral calculi. METHODS Patients (n = 140) with ureteral calculi who were candidates for ureterolithotripsy were enrolled. Stone size was 5-10mm. The operation was performed with an 8-9.8F semirigid ureteroscope without active dilatation and(More)
BACKGROUND As the voiding habits of Iranian children differs from other children because of some cultural and religious considerations, we aimed to establish normal reference values of urinary flow rates in Iranian children between 7 to 14 years of age. METHODS Eight hundred and two uroflowmetry studies were performed on children with no history of a(More)
BACKGROUND To investigate whether biomarkers consisting of baseline characteristics of advanced stage ovarian cancer patients can help in identifying subgroups of patients who would benefit more from primary surgery or neoadjuvant chemotherapy. METHODS We used data of the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) 55971 trial in(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine whether cervical favourability (measured by cervical length and the Bishop score) should inform obstetricians' decision regarding labour induction for women with gestational hypertension or mild pre-eclampsia at term. DESIGN A post hoc analysis of the Hypertension and Pre-eclampsia Intervention Trial At Term (HYPITAT). SETTING(More)
PURPOSE We evaluated the effect of Urocol injection for the endoscopic treatment of VUR in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS A total of 208 children (62 boys and 146 girls, mean age 4.78 years) with 346 refluxing ureters underwent subureteral injection of Urocol between January 2000 and February 2002. VCUG was performed at 6 months, and ultrasound was(More)
Selenium is a potential chemopreventive agent against prostate cancer. This study sought to evaluate and compare the serum selenium level in men with newly diagnosed prostate cancer and noncancerous patients. Between 2005 and 2006, this prospective case-control study was performed on patients referred to Sina and Imam University hospitals, Tehran, Iran; it(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the time-dependent regeneration of different cellular components in the bladder acellular matrix graft (BAMG) and the involvement of hematopoietic stem cells in BAMG vascular regeneration. METHODS AND MATERIALS Thirty-three male Sprague Dawley rats underwent partial cystectomy and the acellular matrices were grafted to the(More)