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The prerequisite of successful implantation depends on achieving the appropriate embryo development to the blastocyst stage and at the same time the development of an endometrium that is receptive to the embryo. Implantation is a very intricate process, which is controlled by a number of complex molecules like hormones, cytokines, and growth factors and(More)
BACKGROUND Many patients diagnosed with ovarian cancer experience recurrence and metastasis, two aspects that will often cause their demise. Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a key process involved in cancer progression. With increasing evidence linking Cisplatin and EMT, we wanted to identify a compound able to counter EMT progression when(More)
Endometrial cancer is the most common gynecological malignancy in developed countries and represents the eighth leading cause of cancer related death in women. The growing incidence of endometrial cancer leads scientists and oncologists to identify effective preventive measures and also molecular markers for diagnosis and prognosis. Chemotherapy and hormone(More)
Prostate apoptosis response 4 (Par-4) is a ubiquitously expressed proapoptotic tumor suppressor protein. Here, we show for the first time, that Par-4 is a novel substrate of caspase-3 during apoptosis. We found that Par-4 is cleaved during cisplatin-induced apoptosis in human normal and cancer cell lines. Par-4 cleavage generates a C-terminal fragment of(More)
The phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome 10 (PTEN) tumor suppressor protein is a central negative regulator of the PI3K/AKT signaling cascade and suppresses cell survival as well as cell proliferation. PTEN is found to be either inactivated or mutated in various human malignancies. In the present study, we have investigated the regulation of(More)
Implantation of an embryo in the endometrium is a critical step for continuation of pregnancy, and implantation failure is a major cause of infertility. In rats, the implantation process involves invasion of the endometrial epithelial lining by the trophoblastic cells in order to reach the underlying stromal cells. Transforming growth factor beta (TGFB) is(More)
BACKGROUND X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis protein (XIAP) is often overexpressed in cancer cells, where it plays a key role in survival and also promotes invasiveness. To date however, the extracellular signals and intracellular pathways regulating its expression and activity remain incompletely understood. We have previously showed that exposure to each of(More)
Protein kinase C is present in bovine epididymal sperm. The enzyme was partially purified by gel filtration on Sephacryl S-300. The Ca2+/phosphatidylserine-dependent histone phosphotransferase activity elutes from the gel filtration column in a manner corresponding to a Mr approximately 80 kDa. The activity peak also corresponds with [3H]phorbol(More)
The inhibition of human lens aldose reductase by flavonoids has been studied. Quercetin, the major pentahydroxyflavone, was observed to inhibit human lens aldose reductase by 50% at a concentration of 5 X 10(-6) M. The inhibitory activity of its 3-O-glucoside was similar to that of the parent aglycon. Glycosidation with L-sugar (quercitrin and guaijaverin),(More)
Cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 is a key regulatory enzyme in the production of prostaglandins (PG) during various physiological processes. Mechanisms of COX-2 regulation in human endometrial stromal cells (human endometrial stromal cells) are not fully understood. In this study, we investigate the role of TGF-β in the regulation of COX-2 in human uterine stromal(More)