Parvesh Chaudhry

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The prerequisite of successful implantation depends on achieving the appropriate embryo development to the blastocyst stage and at the same time the development of an endometrium that is receptive to the embryo. Implantation is a very intricate process, which is controlled by a number of complex molecules like hormones, cytokines, and growth factors and(More)
BACKGROUND Many patients diagnosed with ovarian cancer experience recurrence and metastasis, two aspects that will often cause their demise. Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a key process involved in cancer progression. With increasing evidence linking Cisplatin and EMT, we wanted to identify a compound able to counter EMT progression when(More)
A growing body of evidence supports that the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT), which occurs during cancer development and progression, has a crucial role in metastasis by enhancing the motility of tumor cells. Transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) is known to induce EMT in a number of cancer cell types; however, the mechanism underlying this(More)
Endometrial cancer is the most common gynecological malignancy in developed countries and represents the eighth leading cause of cancer related death in women. The growing incidence of endometrial cancer leads scientists and oncologists to identify effective preventive measures and also molecular markers for diagnosis and prognosis. Chemotherapy and hormone(More)
The phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome 10 (PTEN) tumor suppressor protein is a central negative regulator of the PI3K/AKT signaling cascade and suppresses cell survival as well as cell proliferation. PTEN is found to be either inactivated or mutated in various human malignancies. In the present study, we have investigated the regulation of(More)
Casein kinase II from bovine epididymal spermatozoa was purified to apparent homogeneity by repeated chromatography with phosphocellulose and gel filtration with sephacryl S-200. The purified enzyme exhibited a molecular mass of 130 kDa by gel filtration and displayed three polypeptide bands with molecular masses of 26, 33, and 36 kDa by SDS-polyacrylamide(More)
Prostate apoptosis response 4 (Par-4) is a ubiquitously expressed proapoptotic tumor suppressor protein. Here, we show for the first time, that Par-4 is a novel substrate of caspase-3 during apoptosis. We found that Par-4 is cleaved during cisplatin-induced apoptosis in human normal and cancer cell lines. Par-4 cleavage generates a C-terminal fragment of(More)
Cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase in the plasma membranes of bovine epididymal spermatozoa was stimulated by added Ca2+ and calmodulin. The rate of hydrolysis and responsiveness toward calmodulin was greater for cAMP than for cGMP. The kinetic analysis of the activity revealed two forms of phosphodiesterase with apparent Km values of 7.5 and 95 microM for(More)
Cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 is a key regulatory enzyme in the production of prostaglandins (PG) during various physiological processes. Mechanisms of COX-2 regulation in human endometrial stromal cells (human endometrial stromal cells) are not fully understood. In this study, we investigate the role of TGF-β in the regulation of COX-2 in human uterine stromal(More)
Implantation of an embryo in the endometrium is a critical step for continuation of pregnancy, and implantation failure is a major cause of infertility. In rats, the implantation process involves invasion of the endometrial epithelial lining by the trophoblastic cells in order to reach the underlying stromal cells. Transforming growth factor beta (TGFB) is(More)