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Yeast sporulation efficiency is a quantitative trait and is known to vary among experimental populations and natural isolates. Some studies have uncovered the genetic basis of this variation and have identified the role of sporulation genes (IME1, RME1) and sporulation-associated genes (FKH2, PMS1, RAS2, RSF1, SWS2), as well as non-sporulation pathway genes(More)
In budding yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the phosphate signalling and response pathway, known as PHO pathway, monitors phosphate cytoplasmic levels by controlling genes involved in scavenging, uptake and utilization of phosphate. Recent attempts to understand the phosphate starvation response in other ascomycetes have suggested the existence of both(More)
— Mobile Adhoc Network consists of a large number of mobile nodes that communicate with each other in the absence of any fixed infrastructure. In such an environment each node must work as router to forward the data packets in the network. The principle characteristics of ad hoc network are the dynamic topology and the limited energy of mobile nodes. Nodes(More)
Mobile Ad-hoc Networks (MANETs) are self-managing network which consists of distributed nodes that communicate with each other through wireless links with no fixed infrastructure and no centralized control. Due to self-configuring and dynamic nature of these networks routing protocol are susceptible to various types of attacks. The black hole attack is one(More)
Distributed database is not a new term in the current world. A distributed database is a set of several databases that are correlated to each other in a logical fashion over the network. Data is distributed as well as replicated at various locations in order to increase the availability. During recent years, data distribution has been evaluated as an(More)
An ad hoc wireless network is a collection of wireless mobile nodes that establish some kind of coordination among them to form a network. In ad hoc networks, all nodes share a single radio channel. Therefore, nodes that are within radio distance of other nodes can directly connect with each other [1]. Mobility increases the difficulty of communications(More)
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