Parul Singh

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BACKGROUND Saliva of blood sucking arthropods contains compounds that antagonize their hosts' hemostasis, which include platelet aggregation, vasoconstriction and blood clotting; saliva of these organisms also has anti-inflammatory and immunomodullatory properties. Perhaps because hosts mount an active immune response against these compounds, the diversity(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have emerged as a new class of RNA molecules which are short in length, less in number but play bigger role in regulation of cellular events. miRNAs keep cellular homeostasis in tight control by fine tuning expression of protein coding genes at post-transcriptional level. Neurogenesis and neurodegeneration are two complex processes which(More)
DNA methytransferases (MTs) in bacteria are best understood in the context of restriction-modification (R-M) systems, which act as bacterial immune systems against incoming DNA including phages, but have also been described as selfish elements. But several orphan MTs, which are not associated with any restriction enzyme, have also been characterized and may(More)
Chemical burns represent potentially blinding ocular injuries and constitute a true ocular emergency requiring immediate assessment and initiation of treatment. The majority of victims are young and exposure occurs at home, work place and in association with criminal assaults. Alkali injuries occur more frequently than acid injuries. Chemical injuries of(More)
Moisture content in commercially available milk powder was investigated using near infrared (NIR) diffuse reflectance spectroscopy with an Indian low-cost dispersive NIR spectrophotometer. Different packets of milk powder of the same batch were procured from the market. Forty-five samples with moisture range 4-10% were prepared in the laboratory. Spectra of(More)
The role of the unique proline-glutamic acid (PE)/proline-proline-glutamic acid (PPE) family of proteins in the pathophysiology and virulence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis is not clearly understood. One of the PE family proteins, PE11 (LipX or Rv1169c), specific to pathogenic mycobacteria is found to be over-expressed during infection of macrophages and in(More)
INTRODUCTION The incidence of multiple primary cancers is reported to be between 0.3% and 4.3%. The second primary lesion is identified either simultaneously with the primary lesion (synchronous) or after a period of time (metachronous). Few cases of metastasis of breast carcinoma to the esophagus and vice versa have been reported in the past. CASE(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are generated by endonuclease activity of Dicer, which also helps in loading of miRNAs to their target sequences. SH-SY5Y, a human neuroblastoma and a cellular model of neurodevelopment, consistently expresses genes related to neurodegenerative disorders at different biological levels (DNA, RNA, and proteins). Using SH-SY5Y cells, we have(More)