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In recent advances, many routing protocols have been proposed based on heterogeneity with main research goals such as achieving the energy efficiency, lifetime, deployment of nodes, fault tolerance, latency, in short high reliability and robustness. In this paper, we have proposed an energy efficient cluster head scheme, for heterogeneous wireless sensor(More)
Many routing protocols on clustering structure have been proposed in recent years. In recent advances, achieving the energy efficiency, lifetime, deployment of nodes, fault tolerance, latency, in short high reliability and robustness have become the main research goals of wireless sensor network. Many routing protocols on clustering structure have been(More)
In Wireless sensor networks, several routing protocols have been developed to improve the various parameters such as stability period, throughput etc . After a homogenous protocol leach, many heterogeneous protocol were developed which successfully improved the routing in WSNs . In this Paper we studied one of the heterogeneous protocol DEEC and its(More)
In this paper, an Enhanced Threshold Sensitive Stable Election Protocol using Fuzzy Logic (ETSSEPFL) is proposed to prolong the lifespan of heterogeneous wireless sensor networks (HWSNs). It improves existing SEP and TSEP protocols by using a fuzzy logic expert system which intelligently assigns cluster heads (CHs) which lead to energy efficient HWSN. The(More)
Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) are used in multiplicity arenas which embraces environmental monitoring, healthcare, battle field, biological, home, disaster management and other commercial applications. With the massive progression in the arena of embedded computer and sensor technology, Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN), that is composed of numerous thousands(More)
Energy Management can be improved by proficient clustering algorithms in heterogeneous wireless sensor networks. Coordination through cluster head selection provides efficient data aggregation that reduces communication overhead in the network. In this paper, we propose a fuzzy logic approach based DDEEC clustering algorithm which aims to prolong the(More)
In this paper, we study the two different type of routing strategies used in wireless sensor networks i. e. proactive and reactive routing mechanisms. These routing mechanisms are applied in different kind of applications for efficient routing in the network. In this paper, we have studied the different routing protocols which use these routing mechanisms(More)
An effective tool for the prediction of fall risk among the patients admitted in wards requires high sensitivity with specificity, good predictive value and easy to use in the clinical practice. Objective of the study is to develop fall risk assessment tool. Study was done on patients admitted at MMIMS&R Hospital, Mullana, Ambala and Methodological approach(More)
Present review on the topic explores the different techniques of spherical agglomeration employed in pharmaceutical sciences and their potential applications in developing new particulate systems of drug. Spherical agglomeration is a particle engineering technique which transforms the fine crystals into spherical particles in a single step. These techniques(More)
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