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The aim of this study was to see how effective ultrasound-guided needle biopsy was at detecting lymph node involvement in patients with early breast cancer. Patients with newly diagnosed invasive breast cancer underwent axillary ultrasound (US) where lymph node size and morphology were noted. A core biopsy (CB) was undertaken of any node greater than 5 mm(More)
Accurate measurement of change in tumour size is a prerequisite for the use of response-based regimens of primary systemic therapy for breast cancer. This study evaluated the accuracy of clinical assessment, mammography and ultrasonography in measuring tumour size and in monitoring response to treatment. Size was determined during the week preceding surgery(More)
INTRODUCTION Accurate tumour bed (TB) localisation is a key requirement for the UK IMPORT (Intensity Modulated Partial Organ Radiotherapy) trial. We audited the value of titanium clips for TB localisation following breast conserving surgery (BCS) in breast radiotherapy (RT) planning. PATIENTS AND METHODS At surgery, paired clips were positioned around the(More)
Patients with breast cancer now frequently undergo axillary ultrasound and core biopsy (CB) in an attempt to reduce the number of unnecessary sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsies. This study aimed to establish the frequency of successful targeting of the SLN by ultrasound guided biopsy. A total of 137 patients had axillary ultrasound of which 121 underwent(More)
The influence of primary systemic therapy in treating operable breast cancer on postmastectomy morbidity rates was investigated. The contribution of other risk factors was assessed by multiple logistic regression. Seventy-nine eligible patients were randomly allocated, 39 to undergo immediate modified radical mastectomy, and 40 to receive initial cytotoxic(More)
BACKGROUND Immediate breast reconstruction following neoadjuvant chemotherapy raises concerns about increased perioperative complications and has the potential to delay planned adjuvant radiotherapy. This study examined the effect of neoadjuvant chemotherapy on reconstructive outcomes and the commencement of postoperative radiotherapy. METHODS A(More)
Although clinical response to primary chemotherapy in stage II and III breast cancer is associated with a survival advantage, it is the degree of pathological response in the breast and ipsilateral axilla that best identifies patients with a good long-term outcome. A mathematical model of the initial response of 39 locally advanced tumours to(More)
BACKGROUND The significance of internal mammary lymph nodes (IMLNs) encountered during dissection of internal mammary vessels (IMVs) for microvascular free flap breast reconstruction (FFBR) remains uncertain. We report our experience with the opportunistic harvest of IMLNs during FFBR. Therapeutic implications and patient outcomes are explored. METHODS(More)
The aim of this study was to estimate the number of patients discharged from a symptomatic breast clinic who subsequently develop breast cancer and to determine how many of these cancers had been 'missed' at initial assessment. Over a 3-year period, 7004 patients were discharged with a nonmalignant diagnosis. Twenty-nine patients were subsequently diagnosed(More)