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Ligand binding to structural elements in the non-coding regions of messenger RNA modulates gene expression. Ligands such as free metabolites or other small molecules directly bind and induce conformational changes in regulatory RNA elements known as riboswitches. Other types of RNA switches are activated by complexed metabolites-for example, RNA-ligated(More)
Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) induces epithelial-mesenchymal transdifferentiation (EMT) accompanied by cellular differentiation and migration. Despite extensive transcriptomic profiling, the identification of TGF-beta-inducible, EMT-specific genes has met with limited success. Here we identify a post-transcriptional pathway by which TGF-beta(More)
The p53 tumor suppressor protein plays a key role in maintaining genomic integrity. Enhanced expression of p53 during genotoxic stress is due to both increased protein stability and translational upregulation. Previous reports have shown that p53 mRNA is translated from an alternative initiation codon to produce N-terminal truncated isoform (DeltaN-p53)(More)
Posttranscriptional regulatory mechanisms superimpose "fine-tuning" control upon "on-off" switches characteristic of gene transcription. We have exploited computational modeling with experimental validation to resolve an anomalous relationship between mRNA expression and protein synthesis. The GAIT (gamma-interferon-activated inhibitor of translation)(More)
Translation initiation in Coxsackievirus B3 (CVB3) occurs via ribosome binding to an internal ribosome entry site (IRES) located in the 5'-untranslated region (UTR) of the viral RNA. This unique mechanism of translation initiation requires various trans-acting factors from the host. We show that human La autoantigen (La) binds to the CVB3 5'-UTR and also(More)
Phosphorylation of ribosomal protein L13a is essential for translational repression of inflammatory genes by the interferon (IFN)-gamma-activated inhibitor of translation (GAIT) complex. Here we show that IFN-gamma activates a kinase cascade in which death-associated protein kinase-1 (DAPK) activates zipper-interacting protein kinase (ZIPK), culminating in(More)
Translation of the hepatitis C virus (HCV) RNA is mediated by the interaction of ribosomes and cellular proteins with an internal ribosome entry site (IRES) located within the 5'-untranslated region (5'-UTR). We have investigated whether small RNA molecules corresponding to the different stem-loop (SL) domains of the HCV IRES, when introduced in trans, can(More)
The p53 tumour suppressor protein has a crucial role in cell-cycle arrest and apoptosis. Previous reports show that the p53 messenger RNA is translated to produce an amino-terminal-deleted isoform (DeltaN-p53) from an internal initiation codon, which acts as a dominant-negative inhibitor of full-length p53. Here, we show that two internal ribosome entry(More)
Functionally related genes are coregulated by specific RNA-protein interactions that direct transcript-selective translational control. In myeloid cells, interferon (IFN)-gamma induces formation of the heterotetrameric, IFN-gamma-activated inhibitor of translation (GAIT) complex comprising glutamyl-prolyl tRNA synthetase (EPRS), NS1-associated protein 1(More)
The heterotetrameric GAIT complex suppresses translation of selected mRNAs in interferon-gamma-activated monocytic cells. Specificity is dictated by glutamyl-prolyl tRNA synthetase (EPRS) binding to a 3'UTR element in target mRNAs. EPRS consists of two synthetase cores joined by a linker containing three WHEP domains of unknown function. Here we show the(More)