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OBJECTIVE Although it is accepted that macrophage glycolysis is upregulated under hypoxic conditions, it is not known whether this is linked to a similar increase in macrophage proinflammatory activation and whether specific energy demands regulate cell viability in the atheromatous plaque. APPROACH AND RESULTS We studied the interplay between macrophage(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to test whether high-dose statin treatment would result in a reduction in periodontal inflammation as assessed by (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET)/computed tomography (CT). BACKGROUND Periodontal disease (PD) is an independent risk factor for atherosclerosis. METHODS Eighty-three(More)
OBJECTIVES This study sought to determine whether splenic activation after acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is linked to leukocyte proinflammatory remodeling and whether splenic activity independently predicts the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) events. BACKGROUND Pre-clinical data suggest the existence of a cardiosplenic axis, wherein activation of(More)
BACKGROUND Bronchial asthma is a chronic inflammatory condition associated with increased cardiovascular (CV) events. Here, we assess arterial inflammation, using 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography imaging (FDG-PET/CT), in patients with bronchial asthma and low to intermediate Framingham risk scores (FRS). METHODS A(More)
Aortic aneurysms (AA) are often asymptomatic before the occurrence of acute, potentially fatal complications including dissection and/or rupture. Beyond aortic size, the ability to assess aortic wall characteristics and processes contributing to aneurysm development may allow improved selection of patients who may benefit from prophylactic surgical(More)
While it is well known that patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are at increased risk for the development and progression of atherosclerosis, it is not known whether arterial inflammation is increased in mild CKD. The aim of this study was to compare arterial inflammation using 18F-FDG PET/CT in patients with CKD and in matched controls. This(More)