Pari Antoniw

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Antibody fragments can be isolated rapidly using techniques such as phage display and can be expressed to high levels in microbial systems. However, to date such antibody fragments have been of limited use for many therapeutic applications because they are rapidly cleared from the body. We present a strategy for the site-specific chemical modification of(More)
The synthesis of three novel prodrugs, 4-[bis[2-(mesyloxy)ethyl]amino]benzoyl-L-glutamic acid (7), 4-[(2-chloroethyl)[2-(mesyloxy)ethyl]amino]benzoyl-L-glutamic acid (8), and 4-[bis(2-chloroethyl)amino]benzoyl-L-glutamic acid (9), for use as anticancer agents, is described here. Each is a bifunctional alkylating agent in which the activating effect of the(More)
Monoclonal antibodies are increasingly being used as therapeutic agents in a wide range of indications, including oncology, inflammation and infectious disease. In most cases the basis of the therapeutic function is the high degree of specificity and affinity the antibody-based drug has for its target antigen. However, the mechanism of action (MOA), the way(More)
Monoclonal anti-CEA antibody, A5B7, and its fragments conjugated to CPG2 localize to a peak concentration in the LS174T xenografts within 24 h after injection, but enzyme activity persists in plasma such that prodrug injection has to be delayed for 5-6 days in order to avoid toxicity. Injection of prodrug at this time did not result in growth delay of this(More)
Gelatinase A, a matrix metalloproteinase, is frequently associated with human solid tumors, and its secretion and activation in the tumor milieu is considered important in the process of angiogenesis, invasion, and metastasis. Consequently, metalloproteinase inhibitors may be of value in the therapy of cancer as well as other disease states involving tissue(More)
Serum levels of etoposide obtained 5 min after administration of 100 mg/m2 were between 11 and 30 μg/ml. By 24 h after drug administration, serum levels had fallen to between 0.19 and 1.11 μg/ml. Interpatient variation of etoposide serum concentrations obtained 5 min after drug administration was low, whereas interpatient variation 24 h later was noticeably(More)
Three novel prodrugs have been designed for use as anticancer agents. Each is a bifunctional alkylating agent which has been protected to form a relatively inactive prodrug. They are designed to be activated to their corresponding alkylating agents at a tumour site by prior administration of an antitumour antibody conjugated to the bacterial enzyme(More)
When mitozolomide was administered i.p. to mice, drug disposition appeared to fit a simple, one-compartment kinetic model with an elimination half-life of less than 1 h. The disposition of mitozolomide in mice bearing the ROS osteosarcoma, also followed a first-order process but in this case the elimination of the drug was significantly faster from plasma,(More)
Attempts to improve the selectivity of anti-cancer agents by conjugating them to antibodies directed at tumour associated antigens have demonstrated tumour localisation but only limited therapeutic success. We report here the advantage of a 2-stage approach in which the first component combines the selective delivery of antibody with a capability to(More)
The synthesis of two novel drugs, 4-[bis[2-(mesyloxy)ethyl]amino]benzoic acid (7) and 4-[(2-chloroethyl)[2-(mesyloxy)ethyl]amino]benzoic acid (8) is described here. They are the active drugs of two prodrugs (9 and 10) designed for use as anti-cancer agents. The prodrugs (9, 10 and 11) were made as a series of compounds which are bifunctional alkylating(More)