Pardeep Heir

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Caveolin-1 (CAV1) is an essential structural constituent of caveolae, specialized lipid raft microdomains on the cell membrane involved in endocytosis and signal transduction, which are inexplicably deregulated and are associated with aggressiveness in numerous cancers. Here we identify CAV1 as a direct transcriptional target of oxygen-labile(More)
Chuvash polycythemia is a rare congenital form of polycythemia caused by homozygous R200W and H191D mutations in the VHL (von Hippel-Lindau) gene, whose gene product is the principal negative regulator of hypoxia-inducible factor. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying some of the hallmark abnormalities of Chuvash polycythemia, such as(More)
Molecular pathways associated with pathogenesis of sporadic papillary renal cell carcinoma (PRCC), the second most common form of kidney cancer, are poorly understood. We analyzed primary tumor specimens from 35 PRCC patients treated by nephrectomy via gene expression analysis and tissue microarrays constructed from an additional 57 paraffin-embedded PRCC(More)
Ras is phosphorylated on a conserved tyrosine at position 32 within the switch I region via Src kinase. This phosphorylation inhibits the binding of effector Raf while promoting the engagement of GTPase-activating protein (GAP) and GTP hydrolysis. Here we identify SHP2 as the ubiquitously expressed tyrosine phosphatase that preferentially binds to and(More)
Mutations in Ras GTPase and various other components of the Ras signaling pathways are among the most common genetic alterations in human cancers and also have been identified in several familial developmental syndromes. Over the past few decades it has become clear that the activity or the oncogenic potential of Ras is dependent on the nonreceptor tyrosine(More)
Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) and the related cytokines interleukin (IL)-3 and IL-5 regulate the production and functional activation of hematopoietic cells. GM-CSF acts on monocytes/macrophages and granulocytes, and several chronic inflammatory diseases and a number of haematological malignancies such as Juvenile myelomonocytic(More)
Juvenile myelomonocytic leukaemia (JMML) is an aggressive myeloproliferative neoplasm in children characterized by granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) hypersensitivity and resistance to chemotherapy. We recently identified c-Cbl (henceforth referred to as Cbl) as a GM-CSF receptor (GMR) responsive protein that targets Src for(More)
Substrate engagement by F-box proteins promotes NEDD8 modification of cullins, which is necessary for the activation of cullin-RING E3 ubiquitin ligases (CRLs). However, the mechanism by which substrate recruitment triggers cullin neddylation remains unclear. Here, we identify DCNL1 (defective in cullin neddylation 1-like 1) as a component of CRL2 called(More)
Ribonucleotide reductases (RNRs) catalyze nucleotide reduction via complex radical chemistry, providing deoxynucleotides for DNA synthesis in all domains of life. Many anaerobic bacteria and archaea contain the class III O2-sensitive RNR, and those that have been studied to date couple nucleotide reduction to formate oxidation. Here (pp. E3756–E3765) we(More)
von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) disease is a rare familial cancer predisposition syndrome caused by a loss or mutation in a single gene,VHL, but it exhibits a wide phenotypic variability that can be categorized into distinct subtypes. The phenotypic variability has been largely argued to be attributable to the extent of deregulation of the α subunit of(More)