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The Children's Affective Lability Scale (CALS) is a 20-item parent report measure developed to assess affect regulation in children aged 6-16. It was normed with school children in regular education classrooms and with children hospitalized in a psychiatric facility. Internal-consistency reliability, split-half reliability, and two-week test-retest(More)
OBJECTIVE Deficits in motor inhibition may contribute to impulsivity and irritability in children with bipolar disorder. Studies of the neural circuitry engaged during failed motor inhibition in pediatric bipolar disorder may increase our understanding of the pathophysiology of the illness. The authors tested the hypothesis that children with bipolar(More)
CONTEXT There was a paucity of comparative pharmacological research for initial treatment of bipolar I disorder, manic or mixed phase, in children and adolescents. OBJECTIVE To investigate which medication to administer first to antimanic medication-naive subjects. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS The Treatment of Early Age Mania (TEAM) study recruited(More)
OBJECTIVE To focus attention on the critical unmet needs of children and adolescents with mood disorders and to make recommendations for future research and allocation of healthcare resources. METHOD The 36-member Consensus Development Panel consisted of experts in child/adolescent or adult psychiatry and psychology, pediatrics, and mental health(More)
Acts of war and terrorism are increasingly prevalent in contemporary society. Throughout history, weaponry has become more efficient, accurate, and powerful, resulting in more devastation and loss of human life. Children are often overlooked as victims of such violence. Around the world, children are exposed to violence in multiple forms, frequently(More)
OBJECTIVE Both the diagnosis and treatment of bipolar disorder in youth remain the subject of debate. In the Treatment of Early Age Mania (TEAM) study, risperidone was more effective than lithium or divalproex in children diagnosed with bipolar mania and highly comorbid with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). We searched for treatment(More)
An open study of the therapeutic effects of low-dose neuroleptic treatment was performed on 12 consecutively hospitalized children, aged 7-11, who satisfied DSM-III criteria for childhood-onset pervasive developmental disorder. While receiving an average dose of 0.04 mg/kg per day of haloperidol or fluphenazine hydrochloride, the patients exhibited(More)
A 16-item Children's Motivation Scale (CMS) was developed to evaluate level of motivation in children and adolescents. The study population consisted of a normative sample of 290 school children and a clinical sample of 165 child and adolescent psychiatric patients. Test-retest, internal consistency, and interrater reliability were fair to good for both(More)
With a newly devised 38-item symptom checklist based upon DSM-III criteria for major affective disorder, normative data were obtained on 1,004 school children, aged 5 to 13 years. The items on the checklist were scored on a severity scale of 0 to 4 with a maximum score of 152. The average raw scores in this population was 31.2, SD +/- 2.4. Of 57 inpatients,(More)
Millions of people across the world have been displaced or live in exile and/or as refugees largely as a consequence of wars, acts of terrorism, and catastrophic natural disasters. There are serious psychological consequences as a result of these extremely difficult life circumstances. Adults often can express their needs and have them be heard, whereas(More)