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In families affected by an inherited genetic condition, parents face a difficult task of having to communicate genetic risk information to their children. A systematic review of all major health and medical research databases was undertaken using current guidelines to identify original relevant research papers from 1980 to 2007, which explore the issues(More)
The objective of this study was to explore parents' communication about risk with siblings of children affected by an inherited genetic condition, and to ascertain what level of support, if any, is required from health professionals. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with affected and unaffected children and their parents. Families were affected by(More)
I n the UK, coronary heart disease (CHD) morbidity and mortality is higher among the black and minority ethnic groups (BMEG). 1 A number of clinical tools are available to calculate an individual's absolute risk of developing CHD. 2 These are based upon data derived from the Framingham heart study (FHS), the participants of which were white, middle class(More)
The assessment of different aspects of endothelial dysfunction in cardiovascular medicine in general and in heart failure (HF) has been the focus of intense research, and includes vasomotor, haemostatic, antioxidant, and inflammatory activities. Differences also exist in the pattern of endothelial dysfunction depending on aetiology, severity, and stability(More)
CONTEXT Recent attention has focused on whether government health service institutions, particularly in the United Kingdom, reflect cultural sensitivity and competence and whether medical students receive proper guidance in this area. OBJECTIVE To systematically identify educational programs for medical students on cultural diversity, in particular,(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Within the United Kingdom, mortality from stroke is higher among South Asians compared to European whites. The reasons for this excess cerebrovascular risk in South Asians remain unclear. The aim of this review is to present a comprehensive and systematic overview of the available literature relating to ischemic stroke among South(More)
BACKGROUND   Giving children and young people information about genetic conditions and associated risk has been shown to be important to their identity, coping and decision making. Parents, however, find talking to their children difficult, and support from health professionals is often not available to them. OBJECTIVE   To explore the role of support(More)
Open family communication about genetic conditions and associated risk is important to children's identity, coping and decision making. Parents however find talking to their children difficult and because of associated care needs and emotional reactions it can be particularly stressful in families affected by Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). This article(More)
Little is known about how parents explain to their children their risk of inheriting a gene that may cause disease in the child or in the child's future progeny. This study explored how genetic risk information is shared between family members and the factors affecting it, to ascertain the implications for children, young people and their parents to inform(More)