Paramjeet Singh Bagga

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The quadruplex structures formed by guanine-rich nucleic acid sequences have received significant attention recently because of growing evidence for their role in important biological processes and as therapeutic targets. G-quadruplex DNA has been suggested to regulate DNA replication and may control cellular proliferation. Sequences capable of forming(More)
G-quadruplex motifs in the RNA play significant roles in key cellular processes and human disease. While sequences capable of forming G-quadruplexes in the pre-mRNA are involved in regulation of polyadenylation and splicing events in mammalian transcripts, the G-quadruplex motifs in the UTRs may help regulate mRNA expression. GRSDB2 is a second-generation(More)
DSEF-1 protein selectively binds to a G-rich auxiliary sequence element which influences the efficiency of processing of the SV40 late polyadenylation signal. We have obtained cDNA clones of DSEF-1 using sequence information from tryptic peptides isolated from DSEF-1 protein purified from HeLa cells. DSEF-1 protein contains three RNA-binding motifs and is a(More)
Naturally occurring G-quadruplex structural motifs, formed by guanine-rich nucleic acids, have been reported in telomeric, promoter and transcribed regions of mammalian genomes. G-quadruplex structures have received significant attention because of growing evidence for their role in important biological processes, human disease and as therapeutic targets.(More)
Auxiliary factors likely play an important role in determining the polyadenylation efficiency of mammalian pre-mRNAs. We previously identified an auxiliary factor, hnRNP H/H', which stimulates 3'-end processing through an interaction with sequences downstream of the core elements of the SV40 late polyadenylation signal. Using in vitro reconstitution assays(More)
We have developed an in vitro system which faithfully reproduces several aspects of general mRNA stability. Poly(A)- RNAs were rapidly and efficiently degraded in this system with no detectable intermediates by a highly processive 3'-to-5' exonuclease activity. The addition of a poly(A) tail of at least 30 bases, or a 3' histone stem-loop element,(More)
A downstream G-rich sequence (GRS), GGGGGAGGUGUGGG, has been previously shown to influence the efficiency of 3' end processing of the SV40 late polyadenylation signal. We have now defined several important parameters for GRS-mediated polyadenylation. The ability of the GRS to influence 3' end processing efficiency was sensitive to individual and multiple(More)
Guanine-rich nucleic acids are known to form highly stable G-quadruplex structures, also known as G-quartets. Recently, there has been a tremendous amount of interest in studying G-quadruplexes owing to the realization of their biological importance. G-rich sequences (GRSs) capable of forming G-quadruplexes are found in the vicinity of polyadenylation(More)
Guanine-rich sequences, including those that form G-quadruplexes, are abundant in regions of biological significance. In order to map putative G-quadruplex elements within mammalian genes we have created a suite of computational tools. This suite contains algorithms to search genes for occurrences of the G-quadruplex motif and determine their distribution(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short single-stranded RNA molecules with 21-22 nucleotides that are known to regulate post-transcriptional expression of protein-coding genes involved in most of the cellular processes. Prediction of miRNA targets is a challenging bioinformatics problem. AU-rich elements (AREs) are regulatory RNA motifs found in the 3’ untranslated(More)