Paramjeet S Cheema

Learn More
The purpose of this study was to examine the source of adipokines released by the visceral and sc adipose tissues of obese humans. Human adipose tissue incubated in primary culture for 48 h released more prostaglandin E(2), IL-8, and IL-6 than adiponectin, whereas the release of plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 and hepatocyte growth factor was less than(More)
We compared the gene expression of inflammatory and other proteins by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction in epicardial, substernal (mediastinal) and subcutaneous sternal, upper abdominal, and leg fat from coronary bypass patients and omental (visceral) fat from extremely obese women undergoing bariatric surgery. We hypothesized that (1)(More)
CONTEXT Uncoupling protein-1 (UCP-1) is the inner mitochondrial membrane protein that is a specific marker for and mediator of nonshivering thermogenesis in brown adipocytes. OBJECTIVE This study was performed to better understand the putative thermogenic function of human epicardial fat. DESIGN We measured the expression of UCP-1 and brown adipocyte(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine changes in gene expression in epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) associated with coronary atherosclerosis (CAD) and effects of pioglitazone therapy. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Genes were quantified by RT-PCR in EAT and thoracic subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) obtained during surgery in CAD patients with metabolic syndrome (MS) or(More)
The relative release in vitro of endothelin-1, zinc-alpha2-glycoprotein (ZAG), lipocalin-2, CD14, RANTES (regulated on activation, normal T cell expressed and secreted protein), lipoprotein lipase (LPL), osteoprotegerin (OPG), fatty acid-binding protein 4 (FABP-4), visfatin/PBEF/Nampt, glutathione peroxidase-3 (GPX-3), intracellular cell adhesion molecule 1(More)
The present studies were designed to investigate the changes in gene expression during in vitro incubation of human visceral omental adipose tissue explants as well as fat cells and nonfat cells derived from omental fat. Adipose tissue was obtained from extremely obese women undergoing bariatric surgery. Explants of the tissue as well as fat cells and the(More)
BACKGROUND Pro- and antiinflammatory genes are expressed in epicardial adipose tissue (EAT). Our objectives were to characterize genes in EAT that may contribute specifically to coronary atherogenesis and to measure circulating adipokines matched to their messenger RNAs (mRNAs) in EAT. We hypothesized that severe coronary atherosclerosis (CAD) would(More)
The relative release in vitro of adipsin, vascular cell adhesion molecule (VCAM) 1, angiotensin 1-converting enzyme (ACE), and soluble tumor necrosis factor alpha receptor 2 (sTNFR2) by explants of human omental and subcutaneous adipose tissue as well as the nonfat cell fractions and adipocytes from morbidly obese gastric bypass women was compared with that(More)
Dexamethasone is a synthetic glucocorticoid that is a potent anti-inflammatory agent. The present studies examined the changes in gene expression of 64 proteins in human omental adipose tissue explants incubated for 48h both in the absence and presence of dexamethasone as well as the release of 8 of these proteins that are putative adipokines. The proteins(More)
Resistin, also known as Fizz3 or ADSF, is a protein found in murine adipose tissue and inflammatory lung exudates. The present studies found that resistin was released by explants of human adipose tissue but the release was quite variable ranging from 3 to 158 ng/g over 48 h. The release of resistin was 250% greater by explants of omental than by explants(More)