Papia T Banerjee

Learn More
Recent interest in the use of porcine organs, tissues, and cells for xenotransplantation to humans has highlighted the need to characterize the properties of pig endogenous retroviruses (PERVs). Analysis of a variety of pig cells allowed us to isolate and identify three classes of infectious type C endogenous retrovirus (PERV-A, PERV-B, and PERV-C) which(More)
Endogenous retroviruses of swine are a concern in the use of pig-derived tissues for xenotransplantation into humans. The nucleotide sequence of porcine endogenous retrovirus taken from lymphocytes of miniature swine (PERV-MSL) has been characterized. PERV-MSL is a type C retrovirus of 8,132 bp with the greatest nucleic acid sequence identity to gibbon ape(More)
The success of gene therapy depends on the specificity of transgene delivery by therapeutic vectors. The present study describes the use of an adenovirus (Ad) fiber replacement strategy for genetic targeting of the virus to human CD40, which is expressed by a variety of diseased tissues. The tropism of the virus was modified by the incorporation into its(More)
BACKGROUND The present study examined the potential role of gene therapy in the induction of tolerance to anti-porcine major histocompatibility complex (SLA) class II-mediated responses after porcine renal or skin xenografts. METHODS Baboons were treated with a non-myeloablative or a myeloablative preparative regimen before bone marrow transplantation(More)
Dendritic cells (DCs) are a central element in the development of antigen-specific immune responses. The lack of a specific and efficient technique for the in vivo delivery of antigens to DCs remains a major obstacle limiting a vaccine's ability to induce an effective immune response. The efficacy of adenoviral (Ad) vectors in this regard can be enhanced(More)
Autonomous parvoviruses are thought to uniquely encapsidate single-stranded DNA of minus polarity. In contrast, the defective adeno-associated viruses separately encapsidate equal amounts of plus and minus DNA strands. We reexamined the uniqueness of minus strand encapsidation for the autonomous parvoviruses. Although we found that Kilham rat virus and H-1(More)
We constructed a physical map of Kilham rat virus strains 171 DNA by analyzing the sizes and locations of restriction endonuclease-generated fragments of the replicative-form viral DNA synthesized in vitro. BglI, KpnI, BamHI, SmaI, XhoI, and XorII did not appear to have any cleavage sites, whereas 11 other enzymes cleaved the genome at one to eight sites,(More)
A potential barrier to the development of genetically targeted adenovirus (Ad) vectors for cell-specific delivery of gene therapeutics lies in the fact that several types of targeting protein ligands require posttranslational modifications, such as the formation of disulfide bonds, which are not available to Ad capsid proteins due to their nuclear(More)
The sequence homologies among the linear single-stranded genomes of several mammalian parvoviruses have been studied by electron microscopic analysis of the heteroduplexes produced by reannealing the complementary strands of their DNAs. The genomes of Kilham rat virus, H-1, minute virus of mice and LuIII, which are antigenically distinct non-defective(More)
Two antigenically indistinguishable strains, 171 and 308, of Kilham rat virus (KRV) have distinct host ranges and contain capsid proteins of identical size, but with different isoelectric points. The single-stranded DNA genomes of the viruses are also the same size but appear to have different secondary and tertiary structures. The genomes of the two(More)