Paolo Viviani

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An experiment investigated systematic pointing errors in horizontal movements performed without visual feedback toward 48 targets placed symmetrically around two initial hand positions. Our main goal was to provide evidence in favor of the hypothesis that amplitude and direction of the movements are planned independently on the basis of the hand-target(More)
Two experiments investigated the effects of providing nonveridical knowledge of the results (KR) in a visuomanual task in which participants pointed to briefly (200 ms) presented targets without seeing their hand. By showing after each trial the movement endpoint displaced radially with respect to its true position, we were able to alter progressively the(More)
Four experiments investigated the hypothesis that different attributes of a visual scene are processed by independent channels working asynchronously. Experiment 1 considered the attributes of colour, form, and movement of simple geometrical configurations. In each of three conditions, two of these attributes switched simultaneously between two fixed values(More)
An experiment investigated the mechanisms by which humans estimate Euclidean distances on the basis of kinaesthetic cues. Blindfolded participants followed straight and curvilinear paths with a hand-held stylus (encoding phase). Then, with a straight movement, they estimated the Euclidean distance between the start- and end-points of the path (response(More)
An experiment investigated the ability by human observers to detect temporal reversals in dynamic displays of human locomotion. We video-taped the lower portion of the body of actors walking at their preferred speed either in the normal, forward direction (FW) or in the backward direction (BW). The videos were presented in a random order either as recorded(More)
We expand the anecdotic report by Johansson that back-and-forth linear harmonic motions appear uniform. Six experiments explore the role of shape and spatial orientation of the trajectory of a point-light target in the perceptual judgment of uniform motion. In Experiment 1, the target oscillated back-and-forth along a circular arc around an invisible pivot.(More)
We asked whether the identification of emotional facial expressions (FEs) involves the simultaneous perception of the facial configuration or the detection of emotion-specific diagnostic cues. We recorded at high speed (500 frames s-1) the unfolding of the FE in five actors, each expressing six emotions (anger, surprise, happiness, disgust, fear, sadness).(More)
Four experiments investigated the perception of visible speech. Experiment 1 addressed the perception of speech rate. Observers were shown video-clips of the lower face of actors speaking at their spontaneous rate. Then, they were shown muted versions of the video-clips, which were either accelerated or decelerated. The task (scaling) was to compare(More)
Two experiments investigated the network involved in the visual perception of walking. Video clips of forward and backward walk (real walk direction) were shown either as recorded, or reversed in time (rendering). In Experiment 1 (identification task), participants were asked to indicate whether or not the stimulus was time-reversed. In Experiment 2(More)