Paolo Viviani

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Two experiments investigated the effects of providing nonveridical knowledge of the results (KR) in a visuomanual task in which participants pointed to briefly (200 ms) presented targets without seeing their hand. By showing after each trial the movement endpoint displaced radially with respect to its true position, we were able to alter progressively the(More)
Four experiments investigated the hypothesis that different attributes of a visual scene are processed by independent channels working asynchronously. Experiment 1 considered the attributes of colour, form, and movement of simple geometrical configurations. In each of three conditions, two of these attributes switched simultaneously between two fixed values(More)
Behavioural, neuro-anatomical and clinical evidence suggests that different aspects of the visual scene are processed separately, but the extent to which the processing is carried out along segregated and independent parallel pathways is still debated. Moreover, it is also unclear whether these aspects are processed at the same rate, and their neural(More)
An experiment investigated systematic pointing errors in horizontal movements performed without visual feedback toward 48 targets placed symmetrically around two initial hand positions. Our main goal was to provide evidence in favor of the hypothesis that amplitude and direction of the movements are planned independently on the basis of the hand-target(More)
Several perceptual studies have shown that the ability to estimate the location of the arm degrades quickly during visual occlusion. To account for this effect, it has been suggested that proprioception drifts when not continuously calibrated by vision. In the present study, we re-evaluated this hypothesis by isolating the proprioceptive component of(More)
It is known that, when both forearms are rotated rhythmically and symmetrically, the dominant hand leads in time by about 25 ms, irrespective of movement speed. Positron emission tomography was used to test the hypothesis that the asynchrony results from a functional hemispheric asymmetry. We found that in normal, adult right-handers portions of the motor(More)
The response of the head-neck system to forces of small amplitude (up to 15 N) is described. Sinusoidal (0.6–20 Hz) and impulsive (duration: 100 msec) forces are applied in the sagittal plane to the head of the subject who is instructed to resist the disturbancy. In the case of sinusoidal forces of frequency less than about 2 Hz the active effort to resist(More)
We determined normative values for the visual sensitivity threshold in 118 children aged 5-8 years, using automated static perimetry (Octopus 2000R, program 32). In addition, 17 normal adults were tested. The children first underwent a familiarization procedure. One week later, quantitative examination was performed according to a specially designed(More)