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A fraction of the nuclear estrogen receptor ␣ (ER␣) is localized to the plasma membrane region of 17␤-estradiol (E2) target cells. We previously reported that ER␣ is a palmitoylated protein. To gain insight into the molecular mechanism of ER␣ residence at the plasma membrane, we tested both the role of palmitoylation and the impact of E2 stimulation on ER␣(More)
BACKGROUND Acinetobacter baumannii is an emerging bacterial pathogen that causes a broad array of infections, particularly in hospitalized patients. Many studies have focused on the epidemiology and antibiotic resistance of A. baumannii, but little is currently known with respect to its virulence potential. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS The aim of this(More)
Antibiotics represent our bulwark to combat bacterial infections, but the spread of antibiotic resistance compromises their clinical efficacy. Alternatives to conventional antibiotics are urgently needed in order to complement the existing antibacterial arsenal. The macrolide antibiotic azithromycin (AZM) provides a paradigmatic example of an(More)
The transcription of the virulence plasmid (pINV)-carried invasion genes of Shigella flexneri and enteroinvasive Escherichia coli (EIEC) is induced at 37 degreesC and repressed at 30 degreesC. In this work, we report that the O135: K-:H- EIEC strain HN280 and S. flexneri SFZM53, M90T, and 454, of serotypes 4, 5, and 2a, respectively, produce apyrase(More)
The presence and genetic content of integrons were investigated for 37 epidemiologically unrelated multiple-drug-resistant strains of Salmonella enterica serotype Typhimurium from humans. All isolates were resistant to ampicillin, chloramphenicol, kanamycin, streptomycin, sulfonamides, and trimethoprim, as well as to tetracycline and/or nalidixic acid; 20%(More)
BACKGROUND Acinetobacter baumannii is responsible for large epidemics in hospitals, where it can persist for long time on abiotic surfaces. This study investigated some virulence-related traits of epidemic A. baumannii strains assigned to distinct MLST genotypes, including those corresponding to the international clones I-III as well as emerging genotypes(More)
We have demonstrated by primer elongation and cap analysis that mature vaccinia virus late transcripts are discontinuously synthesized. We have shown that RNA transcripts from a translocated 11K and from the authentic 11K and 4b late promoters are extended by approximately 35 nucleotides beyond the "start site" determined by S1 mapping using vaccinia(More)
BACKGROUND Infections sustained by multidrug-resistant (MDR) and pan-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii have become a challenging problem in Intensive Care Units. Tigecycline provided new hope for the treatment of MDR A. baumannii infections, but isolates showing reduced susceptibility have emerged in many countries, further limiting the therapeutic options.(More)
The level of environmental oxygen (EO) within various Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection sites is low (microaerobic), and this can affect the production of different virulence factors. Expression of the toxA gene, encoding exotoxin A (ETA), is regulated by regA, ptxR and pvdS. Moreover, the iron-starvation sigma factor PvdS directs the transcription of(More)