Learn More
BACKGROUND Acinetobacter baumannii is an emerging bacterial pathogen that causes a broad array of infections, particularly in hospitalized patients. Many studies have focused on the epidemiology and antibiotic resistance of A. baumannii, but little is currently known with respect to its virulence potential. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS The aim of this(More)
A fraction of the nuclear estrogen receptor ␣ (ER␣) is localized to the plasma membrane region of 17␤-estradiol (E2) target cells. We previously reported that ER␣ is a palmitoylated protein. To gain insight into the molecular mechanism of ER␣ residence at the plasma membrane, we tested both the role of palmitoylation and the impact of E2 stimulation on ER␣(More)
Polymyxin B, minocycline, and tigecycline were the most potent of 10 antibiotics against 170 isolates of multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii. In time-kill studies, the exposure of a highly tigecycline-resistant isolate to tigecycline resulted in enhanced susceptibility to amikacin and synergistic bactericidal activities of the two drugs.
Antibiotics represent our bulwark to combat bacterial infections, but the spread of antibiotic resistance compromises their clinical efficacy. Alternatives to conventional antibiotics are urgently needed in order to complement the existing antibacterial arsenal. The macrolide antibiotic azithromycin (AZM) provides a paradigmatic example of an(More)
The transcription of the virulence plasmid (pINV)-carried invasion genes of Shigella flexneri and enteroinvasive Escherichia coli (EIEC) is induced at 37 degreesC and repressed at 30 degreesC. In this work, we report that the O135: K-:H- EIEC strain HN280 and S. flexneri SFZM53, M90T, and 454, of serotypes 4, 5, and 2a, respectively, produce apyrase(More)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a major infectious threat to immunocompromised patients. We recently reported a fatal epidemic of multidrug-resistant P. aeruginosa in an onchoematology unit, linked to massive contamination of a triclosan-based disinfectant. The aim of this study is to evaluate the antimicrobial activity of triclosan and chlorhexidine digluconate(More)
The presence and genetic content of integrons were investigated for 37 epidemiologically unrelated multiple-drug-resistant strains of Salmonella enterica serotype Typhimurium from humans. All isolates were resistant to ampicillin, chloramphenicol, kanamycin, streptomycin, sulfonamides, and trimethoprim, as well as to tetracycline and/or nalidixic acid; 20%(More)
To evaluate the immunohistochemical expression of GLUT1, human erythrocyte glucose transporter 1, and fatty acid synthase (FAS), 66 human breast carcinomas and adjacent peritumoral tissue were studied. GLUT1 and FAS were expressed in 53 and 61 carcinomas, in 17 and 14 typical/atypical hyperplastic tissues, and in 16 and 13 tissues adjacent to tumor normal(More)
Evidence linking Chlamydia pneumoniae infection to atherosclerosis and to atherothrombotic events has recently emerged. A primary candidate implicated in these pathogenetic events is the 60-kDa chlamydial heat shock protein (HSP60). Another putative candidate to activate a potential proinflammatory mechanism is the chlamydial outer membrane protein 2(More)