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The inability to purify and culture astrocytes has long hindered studies of their function. Whereas astrocyte progenitor cells can be cultured from neonatal brain, culture of mature astrocytes from postnatal brain has not been possible. Here, we report a new method to prospectively purify astrocytes by immunopanning. These astrocytes undergo apoptosis in(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Mutations in HFE are the most common cause of the iron-overload disorder hereditary hemochromatosis. Levels of the main iron regulatory hormone, hepcidin, are inappropriately low in hereditary hemochromatosis mouse models and patients with HFE mutations, indicating that HFE regulates hepcidin. The bone morphogenetic protein 6 (BMP6)-SMAD(More)
The purpose of this study was to ascertain the relative contribution of neural stem/progenitor cells (NSPCs) of the subventricular zone (SVZ) to lineages that repopulate the injured striatum following focal ischemia. We utilized a tamoxifen-inducible Cre/loxP system under control of the nestin promoter, which provides permanent YFP labeling of multipotent(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Hemochromatosis is a common hereditary disease caused by mutations in HFE and characterized by increased absorption of iron in the intestine. However, the intestine does not appear to be the site of mutant HFE activity in the disease; we investigated the role of the liver-the source of the iron regulatory hormone hepcidin-in pathogenesis(More)
Portal venous flow velocity (PFV) was measured with duplex-Doppler equipment in 50 normal subjects and in 117 patients with suspected chronic liver disease who showed no evidence of decompensation such as ascites, hepatic encephalopathy, jaundice or oesophageal bleeding. All the patients underwent percutaneous liver biopsy which demonstrated non-cirrhotic(More)
Ipriflavone is a recently introduced anti-osteoporotic agent extensively metabolized to four major metabolites (M1, M2, M3, M5). Its pharmacokinetics, after repeated doses of the drug, was investigated in patients with renal failure and compared with those of healthy volunteers. Plasma levels at steady-state of the unchanged drug, and its metabolites M1, M2(More)
Tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-3 (TIMP-3) is a natural inhibitor of metalloproteinases involved in matrix degradation and ectodomain shedding of many cell-surface proteins, including death receptors and/or their ligands. In the present study, we examined the role of TIMP-3 in Fas-mediated neuronal cell death following cerebral ischemia, using both(More)
BACKGROUND Idiopathic cerebral vein thrombosis (iCVT) represents approximately 30% of the cases of cerebral vein thrombosis (CVT). New, inherited - factor V Leiden (FVL) and prothrombin gene mutation (PTHRA20210) - and inherited/acquired - hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy) - prothrombotic conditions have been detected recently. METHODS We assessed fasting(More)
A decrease of plasma homocysteine (Hcy) may represent a therapeutic promise for reducing the impact of atherosclerosis. N -Acetyl-cysteine (NAC) is a thiol-containing compound interfering with endogenous thiols, cysteine (Cys) and Hcy, by forming with them mixed disulphides with a possibly more efficient renal clearance. The aim of this work was to assess(More)
Ganstigmine, a new acetylcholinesterase inhibitor, was incubated with rat liver microsomes and the resulting metabolites were identified by high-performance liquid chromatographic/mass spectrometric (HPLC/MS) and HPLC/MS/MS analyses. The results showed the formation of eight main metabolites, among which geneseroline and molecules corresponding to(More)