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The availability of US (ultrasonography) contrast media in the last few years has prompted investigation into their use in the diagnosis of vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) in children, a common cause of urinary tract infections (UTI) or pyelonephritis. We performed voiding cystourethrography (VCUG) and cystosonography (CSG) in the same session in 158 children(More)
We analyze the potential use of ultrasound in the study of the thorax in children. The physical limitations imposed on sonography by the ventilated lung and thoracic cage are well known. We want to discuss new US applications based on the clinical and methodological experience gained in adults as outlined by emergency and critical care specialists. These(More)
A type I congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation (CCAM) in the left lower lobe was removed from a 11-year-old boy with a 3-month history of recurrent pneumonia. As incidental finding, a bronchioloalveolar carcinoma (BAC) was found in the lung parenchyma adjacent to the cyst. A left lower lobectomy was performed. At 18 months after surgery the patient is(More)
PURPOSE Although tumor resection is the mainstay of treatment for localized neuroblastoma, there are no established guidelines indicating which patients should be operated on immediately and which should undergo surgery after tumor reduction with chemotherapy. In an effort to develop such guidelines, the LNESG1 study defined surgical risk factors (SRFs)(More)
Based on soft evidence that ultrasound screening tends to reduce the rate of late developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) and the need for surgical interventions, different screening strategies including universal or selective ultrasound screening have been established in several European countries and centres during the last decade. We performed an(More)
A full-term male infant presented at birth with a hard swelling of the left knee. The lemon-sized lesion was fixed to the underlying knee muscles, while the overlying skin was stretched and shiny; there was no bruit. Radiography, sonography and MRI suggested a soft-tissue tumour. After surgical excision, histology showed the presence of fibrous and(More)
This paper will try to deal with the following questions: Which is the correct screening model for the developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH)? What is the clinical significance of "sonographic" DDH? Can overtreatment produced by ultrasound (US) screening cause a waste of resources and eventually morbidity? We reviewed the literature since January, 1996(More)
The treatment of EBV-associated post-transplant lymphoproliferative disease (PTLD) poses a considerable challenge. Efforts have been made to define regimens based on combination of the available therapeutic agents, chosen and tailored on a patient-by-patient basis, with the aim of augmenting event-free patient and graft survival. Recently, autologous(More)
Isolated oesophageal leiomyomatosis in children is very rare. The association between leiomyomatosis of oesophagus and female genital tract and an Alport like hematuric nephritis has been recognized as a distinct entity by Garcia-Torres and Guarner. Since then few other cases of this syndrome have been observed. Congenital cataracts and neurosensory(More)