Paolo Stratta

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The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of a new antipsychotic compound on negative symptoms and cognitive deficit in schizophrenia. Psychiatric symptoms and cognition were assessed in 25 patients with schizophrenia, at baseline and after they had taken risperidone for 4 weeks. The Positive and Negative Symptoms Scale (PANSS), the Wisconsin Card(More)
Recent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies found abnormalities of medial temporal lobe and basal ganglia structures. We used an inversion recovery (IR) protocol with the assistance of the Talairach atlas to identify neuroanatomical regions of interest in 19 male schizophrenic patients and 14 matched control subjects. The patient group showed smaller(More)
Negative symptoms of schizophrenia have generally been found in association with ventricular enlargement and prefrontal abnormalities. These relationships, however, have not been observed consistently, most probably because negative symptoms are heterogeneous and result from different pathophysiological mechanisms. The concept of deficit schizophrenia (DS)(More)
A standardised clinical examination which focused on neurological soft signs (NSS) was used by a neurologist blind to diagnosis to assess the presence of neurological soft signs. A comparison of NSS score was made among three groups of subjects consisting of 58 DSM-III schizophrenics, 31 of their healthy first-degree relatives and 38 normal controls. The(More)
We administered a computerized version of WCST, a well established test, sensitive to executive function deficits in schizophrenia that involves many features of cognitive processing, and of Tower of Hanoi, a test that may offer cognitive challenges more specifically related to planning and sequencing, to 28 schizophrenic patients and 28 matched controls to(More)
A modified procedure for administering the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test, focusing on a hypothesized deficit of organizational strategy in information processing, was used to administer the test to 20 schizophrenic patients. By using this procedure, 61.5% of the poor performers (eight of 13) were dramatically transformed into good performers without any task(More)
Several findings support the hypothesis that the striatum is implicated in executive functions and in the modulation of goal-directed behavior, and could play a key role in the pathophysiology and in the production of symptoms and signs in schizophrenia. We have studied the relationship between the objective measures of the striatal structures, as evaluated(More)
BACKGROUND On April 6th 2009, the town of L'Aquila, Italy, was struck by an earthquake (6.3 on the Richter scale) that lead large parts of the town to be destroyed and the death of 309 people. Significant losses in the framework of earthquakes have been reported as a major risk factor for PTSD development. Aim of this study was to investigate post-traumatic(More)
The processing of context is a relevant issue that is probably involved in many neurological and psychiatric conditions. Contextual reasoning is conceived as selection and bringing 'on line' internal representations of the tasks that can be used to mediate goal-appropriate behavioral responses. Impairment in contextual reasoning is thought to play a key(More)