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Many proteins of the CLC gene family are Cl(-) channels, whereas others, like the bacterial ecClC-1 or mammalian ClC-4 and -5, mediate Cl(-)/H(+) exchange. Mutating a "gating glutamate" (Glu-224 in ClC-4 and Glu-211 in ClC-5) converted these exchangers into anion conductances, as did the neutralization of another, intracellular "proton glutamate" in(More)
Some CLC proteins function as passive Cl(-) ion channels whereas others are secondary active chloride/proton antiporters. Voltage-dependent gating of the model Torpedo channel ClC-0 is modulated by intracellular and extracellular pH, possibly reflecting a mechanistic relationship with the chloride/proton coupling of CLC antiporters. We used inside-out patch(More)
BACKGROUND Maspin, a member of the serpin family, is a suppressor of tumor growth, an inhibitor of angiogenesis and an inducer of apoptosis. Maspin induces apoptosis by increasing Bax, a member of the Bcl-2 family of apoptosis-regulating proteins. In this exploratory study, we investigated the associated expression of Maspin and Bax proteins as a potential(More)
The definition of the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) recurrence after resection represents a central issue to improve the clinical management of patients. In this study we examined the prognostic relevance of infiltrating immune cell subsets in the tumor (TIL) and in nontumorous (NT) liver (LIL), and the expression of immune-related and(More)
KDC1 is a voltage-dependent Shaker-like potassium channel subunit cloned from Daucus carota which produces conductive channels in Xenopus oocytes only when coexpressed with other plant Shaker potassium subunits, such as KAT1 from Arabidopsis thaliana. External Zn(2+) determines a potentiation of the current mediated by the dimeric construct KDC1-KAT1, which(More)
H(+) ions are a substrate of many active and passive membrane transporters in all cells. Absolute proton fluxes are often quantified using intracellular pH sensitive microelectrodes or pH sensitive dyes. These measurements, however, rely on a priori estimates of the intracellular buffer capacity and on the assumption of diffusive equilibrium inside the(More)
INTRODUCTION Advanced tumors of the liver involving the inferior vena cava (IVC) have always been considered a contraindication to surgery. PRESENTATION OF CASE We report a case of a patient, who previously underwent right hepatectomy, with recurrence of colorectal liver metastasis invading the IVC. The patient had a liver resection together with(More)
BACKGROUND The heat shock proteins (HSPs) 27-kDa (HSP27) and 72-kDa (HSP72), are ubiquitous chaperone molecules inducible in cells exposed to different stress conditions. Increased level of HSPs are reported in several human cancers, and found to be associated with the resistance to some anticancer treatments and poor prognosis. However, there is no study(More)
BACKGROUND Desmoid tumors (DTs) is a benign tumor with high tendency to infiltrative evolution and recurrence. Nowadays, in abdominal localization, the standard approach is surgery with R0 condition. The need to repair post-surgical wide wall defect requires conservative technique to decrease the incidence of incisional hernia and to obtain better quality(More)
INTRODUCTION The ideal surgical treatment for pulmonary metastasectomy remains controversial. Minimally invasive surgery may offer advantages for quality of life outcomes, with equivalent oncologic long-term results. The purpose of our study was to confirm the validity of the thoracoscopic approach for pulmonary metastasectomy. METHODS We retrospectively(More)
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