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We show that the accumulation rate of nonlinearity in highly-dispersive long-haul coherent links can also be measured from the nonlinear threshold decrease rate, and provide simulations of such rates for both single- and cross-channel effects. We then show how the estimated rate can be used for the overall system design.
By extending a well-established time-domain perturbation approach to dual-polarization propagation, we provide an analytical framework to predict the nonlinear interference (NLI) variance, i.e., the variance induced by nonlinearity on the sampled field, and the nonlinear threshold (NLT) in coherent transmissions with dominant intrachannel-four-wave-mixing… (More)
In this paper, we investigate the performance limits of electronic chromatic dispersion compensation (EDC) and digital backpropagation (DBP) for a single-channel non-dispersion-managed fiber-optical link. A known analytical method to derive the performance of the system with EDC is extended to derive a first-order approximation for the performance of the… (More)
—We propose an efficient stratified sampling algorithm for estimating the bit error rate (BER) of a digital communication system. Our algorithm efficiently exploits the observations of an approximate, but usually fast, model of the system under investigation to drive a clever Monte Carlo estimation based on stratified sampling. The proposed method is faster… (More)
We review recent advances in understanding Kerr nonlinear limitations in high-capacity long-haul coherent systems, with emphasis on PDM-QPSK transmissions. Both homogeneous and hybrid dispersion-managed WDM systems are addressed, as well as homogeneous non-dispersion-managed systems.
We compare by simulation the performance of 100 Gbit/s PDM-iRZ-QPSK and PS-QPSK transmission both in homogeneous and hybrid QPSK/OOK DM links. We detail the reasons of the overall performance investigating each nonlinear effect (SPM, XPM and XPolM) individually. Moreover, we compare the accuracy of the noise loading method with the more realistic use of… (More)
We propose a novel load-aware power-selection strategy for maximizing the transparent reach in dispersion-uncompensated flexible optical networks with coherent modulation formats, and we quantify the savings in opto-electronic regenerations with respect to using the standard full-load transparent reach.
New semi-analytic formulas of the power spectral density (PSD) of single- and cross-channel nonlinear interference (NLI) in coherent optical links for which the Gaussian Noise (GN) model applies are presented. From the PSD, a new bound on cross-channel NLI power is obtained. The new formulas are useful to both quickly compute single- and cross-channel NLI… (More)
—Flexible grid optical networks allow a better exploitation of fiber capacity, by enabling a denser frequency allocation. A tighter channel spacing, however, requires narrower filters, which increase linear intersymbol interference (ISI), and may dramatically reduce system reach. Commercial coherent receivers are based on symbol by symbol detectors, which… (More)