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This paper describes a systematic methodology (Conceptual Framework) to derive quality standards for organic (anthropogenic) contaminants in sewage sludge added to agricultural land, in the context of revision of EU Sludge Directive 86/278/EEC and the broader Soil Thematic Strategy. The overall objective is to ensure, based on a risk assessment approach, a(More)
An enzymatic approach to assess the stability of organic matter extracted from organic fertilizers and amendments is proposed. The use of 0.1M NaOH plus 0.1M Na4P2O7 previously suggested as a suitable extractant solution for soil organic matter was also found satisfactory for the extraction of organic matter from organic fertilizers and amendments,(More)
Characterization of organic matter of six composts from agroindustrial wastes was carried out by both chemical analysis and thermal analysis in order to assess their level of stability. Degree of humification (DH%) and index of humification (HI) were calculated after extraction, fractionation and analysis of the organic carbon from composts. Differential(More)
We studied the turnover of interlayer NH inf4 sup+ in three soils cropped with sugar beet. The three soils chosen for this study (Carpi, Cadriano, and Ozzano) are typical of the soils in the Po Valley where sugar beet is grown. The variation in interlayer NH inf4 sup+ content during the growing season was significant and very similar for the Carpi and(More)
Soil organic matter (SOM) is the largest C stock of the continental biosphere with 1550Pg. The size of C reservoir in the soil and environmental concerns on climate change have recently attracted the attention of scientist and politicians on C sequestration as an effective strategy to tackle greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. It has been estimated that the(More)
Scrapie and chronic wasting disease are contagious prion diseases affecting sheep and cervids, respectively. Studies have indicated that horizontal transmission is important in sustaining these epidemics, and that environmental contamination plays an important role in this. In the perspective of detecting prions in soil samples from the field by more direct(More)
In the present study, soil biomass activity, organic carbon storage, and turnover times were compared in adjacent mediterranean biotopes with different forest vegetation, to analyze the effects of litter diversity and soil management protocols on microbial decomposition rates. Samples of forest soil from four vegetation types were collected at depths of(More)
HRMAS-NMR spectroscopy was used to assess the metabolic profile of sweet pepper (Capsicum Annum L.). One-dimensional and two-dimensional NMR spectra, performed directly on sample pieces of few milligrams, hence without any chemical and/or physical manipulation, allowed the assignment of several compounds. Organic acids, fatty acids, amino acids, and minor(More)