Paolo Sassone-Corsi

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Circadian rhythms govern a large array of metabolic and physiological functions. The central clock protein CLOCK has HAT properties. It directs acetylation of histone H3 and of its dimerization partner BMAL1 at Lys537, an event essential for circadian function. We show that the HDAC activity of the NAD(+)-dependent SIRT1 enzyme is regulated in a circadian(More)
Circadian rhythmicity in mammals is under the control of a molecular pacemaker constituted of clock gene products organized in transcriptional autoregulatory loops. Phase resetting of the clock in response to light involves dynamic changes in the expression of several clock genes. The molecular pathways used by light to influence pacemaker-driven(More)
cAMP-responsive element modulator (CREM) expression is tissue specific and developmentally regulated. Here we report that CREM is unique within the family of cAMP-responsive promoter element (CRE)-binding factors since it is inducible by activation of the cAMP signaling pathway. The kinetic of expression is characteristic of an early response gene. The(More)
Many metabolic and physiological processes display circadian oscillations. We have shown that the core circadian regulator, CLOCK, is a histone acetyltransferase whose activity is counterbalanced by the nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+)-dependent histone deacetylase SIRT1. Here we show that intracellular NAD+ levels cycle with a 24-hour rhythm, an(More)
Coffin-Lowry Syndrome (CLS) is an X-linked mental retardation condition associated with skeletal abnormalities. The gene mutated in CLS, RSK2, encodes a growth factor-regulated kinase. However, the cellular and molecular bases of the skeletal abnormalities associated with CLS remain unknown. Here, we show that RSK2 is required for osteoblast differentiation(More)
The chromatoid body is a perinuclear, cytoplasmic cloud-like structure in male germ cells whose function has remained elusive. Here we show that the chromatoid body is related to the RNA-processing body of somatic cells. Dicer and components of microRNP complexes (including Ago proteins and microRNAs) are highly concentrated in chromatoid bodies.(More)
in Kornberg and Lorch, 1999). In the classical view, first proposed by Kornberg (1974), each nucleosomal unit is formed by wrapping approximately 146 base pairs of DNA around a histone octamer core particle containing one H3-H4 tetramer and two H2A-H2B dimers. The valid-Genetics Box 800733 ity of this model has been confirmed by determining the crystal(More)
Histone acetylation and phosphorylation have separately been suggested to affect chromatin structure and gene expression. Here we report that these two modifications are synergistic. Stimulation of mammalian cells by epidermal growth factor (EGF) results in rapid and sequential phosphorylation and acetylation of H3, and these dimodified H3 molecules are(More)
We isolated a gene from a mouse pituitary cDNA library that encodes a protein highly homologous to nuclear factor CREB, an activator of cAMP-responsive promoter elements (CREs). We demonstrate that while CREB is expressed uniformly in several cell types, this gene, termed CREM, shows cell-specific expression. CREM has a remarkable organization, since(More)