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Six population samples of randomly chosen men and women aged 20–59 years in the four provinces of the island of Sardinia, for a total of 5,697 individuals (overall partecipation 55%), were examined to determine the mean levels and distribution of some risk factors for atherosclerosis. A remarkable uniformity of such levels, with some minor exceptions, was(More)
We report our experience with selective LDL-apheresis in two women affected by autosomal recessive hypercholesterolemia and heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia respectively, during pregnancy. To date only a few cases have been reported, because of the rarity of pregnancy in these patients and a hesitation of physicians to perform extracorporeal(More)
High serum cholesterol is an established risk factor for cardiovascular disease and is the prime target for therapeutic intervention in large groups of patients. The development of modern treatments for this major risk factor was propelled by the early realization that forms of severe hypercholesterolemia could be caused by dominantly inherited defects in(More)
BACKGROUND Autosomal recessive hypercholesterolaemia (ARH) is caused by mutations in a putative adaptor protein called ARH. This recessive disorder, characterised by severe hypercholesterolaemia, xanthomatosis, and premature coronary artery disease, is rare except on the island of Sardinia, Italy. Our aim was to ascertain why ARH is more common on Sardinia(More)
Intake of dairy fat has long been considered as a risk factor for CVD. Pasture and dietary lipid supplementation have been reported to be reliable strategies in ruminant nutrition, in order to increase the content of α-linolenic acid (ALA), conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) and vaccenic acid (VA), and decrease SFA in milk fat. In the present study, we aimed at(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Inherited hypercholesterolemias are common disorders characterised by elevated LDL-C levels and premature coronary heart disease. We have recently described a recessive form of hypercholesterolemia (autosomal recessive hypercholesterolemia, ARH) in which LDL catabolism is reduced because of a mutation in the gene coding for an adaptor(More)
Removal of low-density lipoproteins from plasma by dextran sulfate adsorption (DSA) in FH patients entails a decrease in plasma levels of thyroid hormones (-28.5% and -18.7%, respectively, for T3 and T4). This suggests that FH patients have a greater than normal fraction of thyroid hormones bound to lipoproteins, due to their expanded lipoprotein pool.
A steady increase in mean serum cholesterol levels has been observed in the Sardinian population over the past three decades, probably related to modifications in the diet such as the introduction of fast food; however, the mean serum values are still lowest compared with the other Italian regions. These data clearly contrast with the presence in our area(More)
OBJECTIVE Proprotein convertase subtilisin kexin type 9 (PCSK9) inhibitors lower low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol in the vast majority of patients with autosomal dominant familial hypercholesterolemia. Will PCSK9 inhibition with monoclonal antibodies, in particular alirocumab, be of therapeutic value for patients with autosomal recessive(More)