Paolo Pignataro

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The number and activity of osteoclasts (OCs) are critical for maintaining normal bone turnover. The number is determined by the rates of cell differentiation and death. TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL), a member of the TNF superfamily, induces apoptosis by interacting with its death receptors, (DR4, DR5). However, its activity can be modulated(More)
It is unclear how physical activity stimulates new bone synthesis. We explored whether irisin, a newly discovered myokine released upon physical activity, displays anabolic actions on the skeleton. Young male mice were injected with vehicle or recombinant irisin (r-irisin) at a low cumulative weekly dose of 100 µg kg(-1). We observed significant increases(More)
Periodontal disease (Pd) is characterized by extensive alveolar bone loss, that occurs as a consequence of the impairment of the normal bone remodelling. Bone remodelling is regulated by the correct balance between osteoclast and osteoblast formation and activity. Alveolar bone loss could be due to an increased bone resorption by osteoclasts or a decreased(More)
BACKGROUND Periodontitis is characterized by alveolar bone destruction; however, the mechanisms responsible for bone damage are poorly understood. It has been reported that T cells are implicated in the pathogenesis of periodontitis. It has been also demonstrated that activated T lymphocytes secrete receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappa B ligand(More)
Periodontal disease (Pd) is characterized by an increased osteoclast resorption and a decreased osteoblast (OB) bone formation. OBs obtained from alveolar bone of Periodontitis patients (Pp) undergo apoptosis in the presence of TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL). We studied the intracellular apoptotic pathway induced by TRAIL; TRAIL death (DR4,(More)
Although osteoclasts (OCs) differentiate under the control of RANK/RANKL/OPG system, a number of inflammatory cytokines can contribute to increase osteoclastogenesis in diseases associated with bone loss. Recently, different studies indicate that TRAIL is implicated in modulating osteoclastogenesis. Here, we investigated the effect of TRAIL on OC formation(More)
Control of osteoclast (OC) apoptosis has been recognized as a critical regulatory factor in bone remodeling. TRAIL, a member of the TNF superfamily, induces apoptosis in neoplastic and normal cells. However, few data are available on the effects of TRAIL on bone cells, thus in the present study we investigated TRAIL role on the apoptosis of human mature(More)
Periodontitis is characterized by irreversible destruction of alveolar bone and connective tissue attachment in the periodontium. We recently reported that T cells support the osteoclastogenesis by the overproduction of nuclear factor-kappa-B-ligand (RANKL) and Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) in an in vitro osteoclastogenesis model from(More)
Wnt1 is one of the several glycoproteins activating Wnt signaling, critical for normal skeletal development and bone homeostasis. Wnt1 was previously believed to solely regulate central nervous system development, in particular in midbrain and cerebellum. However, remarkable findings have recently shown that several patients affected by severe form of(More)
Sclerostin, negative regulator of bone formation, has been originally known as an osteocyte product. Recently, it has been also detected in hypertrophic chondrocytes, distinctive cells of avascular cartilage which is invaded by capillaries and then replaced by vascularized bone. Thus, we hypothesized that sclerostin, in addition to its role already known,(More)