Paolo Pasquali

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Abstrac/-SAR surveys from separate passes show relative shifts of the ground wavcnu mber spectra thaI depend on the local slope and the off-nadir angle. We discuss the exploitation of this spectral sllift for different app] ications: I) generation of "low noise" intcrferograms benefiting phase unwrapping, 2) generation of quick-look interferograms, 3)(More)
Neutrophils are innate immune cells that counter pathogens by many mechanisms, including release of antimicrobial proteins such as calprotectin to inhibit bacterial growth. Calprotectin sequesters essential micronutrient metals such as zinc, thereby limiting their availability to microbes, a process termed nutritional immunity. We find that while(More)
Vaccination against Brucella infections in animals is usually performed by administration of live attenuated smooth B. abortus strain S19 and B. melitensis strain Rev1. They are proven effective vaccines against B. abortus in cattle and against B. melitensis and B. ovis in sheep and goats, respectively. However, both vaccines have the main drawback of(More)
To investigate the relevance of zinc in host-pathogen interactions, we have constructed Salmonella enterica mutant strains in which the znuA gene, which encodes the periplasmic component of the ZnuABC high-affinity Zn2+ transporter, was deleted. This mutation does not alter the ability of Salmonella to grow in rich media but drastically reduces its ability(More)
Bovine tuberculosis (bTB) is an emerging disease among wild animals in many parts of the world. Wildlife reservoir hosts may thus represent a potential source of infection for livestock and humans. We investigated the role played by the Sicilian black pig, an autochthonous free- or semi-free-ranging domestic pig breed, as a potential source of bTB infection(More)
Bovine tuberculosis (TB) is still a zoonotic problem in the world. Despite the fact that eradication programs for bovine TB are being implemented in many countries, it remains a public health problem. These programs are mainly based on a single intradermal tuberculin test using bovine tuberculin purified protein derivative (PPD), isolation, and slaughtering(More)
Salmonellosis due to Salmonella enterica serovar Abortusovis (S. Abortusovis) is mainly characterized by abortion in sheep. Little is known about the immune response, which develops in the host as a result of infection. We evaluated the immune response of pregnant ewes vaccinated and successively exposed to full virulent S. Abortusovis. We found that(More)
BACKGROUND The significance of behavioral neuroscience and the validity of its animal models of human pathology largely depend on the possibility to replicate a given finding across different laboratories. Under the present test and housing conditions, this axiom fails to resist the challenge of experimental validation. When several mouse strains are tested(More)
The pathways ensuring the efficient uptake of zinc are crucial for the ability of bacteria to multiply in the infected host. To better understand bacterial responses to zinc deficiency, we have investigated the role of the periplasmic protein ZinT in Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium. We have found that zinT expression is regulated by Zur and(More)
Zinc is an essential metal for cellular homeostasis and function in both eukaryotes and prokaryotes. To acquire this essential nutrient, bacteria employ transporters characterized by different affinity for the metal. Several studies have investigated the role of the high affinity transporter ZnuABC in the bacterial response to zinc shortage, showing that(More)