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Modern neuroimaging techniques have led to increased identification of angiographically occult cerebral angiomatous malformations. Cavernous angiomas or cavernomas account for approximately 16% of all cerebrovascular malformations. Little is reported about the etiology or risk for acquiring these lesions. This report suggests a possible association between(More)
BACKGROUND Subtemporal decompression, first advocated by Dandy for the treatment of benign intracranial hypertension or pseudotumor cerebri, has been replaced as a treatment mainstay by medical management using diuretics, steroids, and lumbar puncture. Failure of these forms of treatment has frequently led to insertion of cerebrospinal fluid shunts. (More)
Six patients with hydrocephalus who were treated with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) shunts became refractory to serosal absorption of CSF. All were subsequently treated with ventriculo-gallbladder shunts. The surgical technique and long-term results were evaluated by retrospective review of the hospital records. Detailed evaluation of 1 of the 6 has suggested a(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a highly morbid disorder. The most severe form of CKD is end-stage renal disease (ESRD), in which the patient requires some form of renal replacement therapy to survive. The increasing incidence, prevalence, and costs of ESRD are major national healthcare concerns. The objective of this study was to(More)
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