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OBJECTIVE Different factors such as exercise habits and alcohol consumption may modulate postprandial lipid metabolism. What are the effects of alcohol on postprandial metabolism in untrained and trained individuals? METHODS The postprandial lipid response to an oral fat load (1 g fat per kg body weight (bw)) with and without alcohol (0.5 g/kg bw) was(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of dental erosion in an adult population in Switzerland. 391 randomly selected persons from two age groups (26-30 and 46-50 yr) were examined for frequency and severity of erosion on all tooth surfaces. Information was gathered by interview about lifestyle, dietary and oral health habits. For facial(More)
Alterations in the intermediary metabolism respectively a "metabolic maladaptation" to the modern lifestyle represents an important risk factor for most chronic diseases, especially also for cardiovascular risk. An increased concentration of free fatty acids plays a central role in the pathophysiological sequence of events. Overweight and obesity represent(More)
OBJECTIVE Environmental factors and behaviors associated with obesity have not been well described in children living in Europe. Although television watching has been repeatedly associated with obesity, it is unclear whether other sedentary activities, such as use of electronic games, are independently associated with obesity in children. The hypothesis was(More)
  • Paolo M Suter
  • 2005
Alcohol represents an important source of energy. Despite its comparatively high energy content of 7.1 g/kcal, it is still controversial whether moderate amounts of alcohol represent a risk factor for weight gain and obesity. Epidemiologic data showed a positive, negative, or no relationship between alcohol intake and body weight. Despite the difficulty in(More)
BACKGROUND Fatty acid ethyl esters (FAEEs) are cytotoxic nonoxidative ethanol metabolites produced by esterification of fatty acids and ethanol. FAEEs are detectable in blood up to 24 h after ethanol consumption. The objective of this study was to assess the impact of gender, serum or plasma triglyceride concentration, time and temperature of specimen(More)
Moderate amounts of alcohol may have cardioprotective effects. Several studies reported a higher protection by the consumption of wine. The favorable effects of wine have been attributed to different polyphenolic compounds, among others. However, these biochemical compounds are also found in other beverages. In view of the present evidence, there is no(More)
OBJECTIVE To consider the relationship between nutrition and aging. To summarize existing knowledge and identify areas of ignorance. DESIGN Experts from a range of relevant disciplines received and considered a series of questions related to aspects of the topic. SETTING University of Hohenheim, Stuttgart, Germany. INTERVENTION The experts met and(More)
Altitude affects blood pressure (BP) depending on duration and absolute altitude of exposure. Until now changes in BP during exposure to altitude were studied only in Caucasians. It is not known whether BP is affected differently in black and white people in response to altitude. During a 6-day climb on Kilimanjaro, BP was measured in five white and four(More)
This study investigated whether human vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation induced by native low-density lipoprotein (LDL) is affected by green tea catechins. Furthermore, the effects of native LDL on extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) 1/2 activity were determined. Cell proliferation stimulated by native LDL was concentration-dependently(More)