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Cell culture models have been extensively used for studies of blood-brain barrier (BBB) function. However, several in vitro models fail to reproduce some, if not most, of the physiological and morphological properties of in situ brain microvascular endothelial cells. We have recently developed a dynamic, tridimensional BBB model where endothelial cells(More)
OBJECTIVE The present study investigated the olfactory function in workers exposed to moderate airborne cadmium (Cd) levels, with the purpose of identifying possible early adverse effects of the metal, not demonstrable with the traditional diagnostic methods. METHODS The exposed group consisted of 33 men employed in cadmium fusion, sintering and alloys(More)
We studied inhibition of histone deacetylases (HDACs), which results in the unraveling of chromatin, facilitating increased gene expression. ITF2357, an orally active, synthetic inhibitor of HDACs, was evaluated as an anti-inflammatory agent. In lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated cultured human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs), ITF2357 reduced by(More)
A number of agents reducing interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) activity are being developed as novel immunomodulatory and anti-inflammatory therapies. However, the elucidation of their molecular mechanism of action is required in the context of medical management of inflammatory diseases. Inhibitors of histone deacetylases (HDACs) are promising anticancer agents(More)
Histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACi) are emerging tools for epigenetic modulation of gene expression and suppress the inflammatory response in models of systemic immune activation. Yet, their effects within the brain are still controversial. Also, whether HDACs are expressed in astrocytes or microglia is unclear. Here, we report the identification of(More)
Inhibitors of histone deacetylases (HDAC) are being studied for their antiproliferative effects in preclinical cancer trials. Recent studies suggest an anti-inflammatory role for this class of compounds. Because inflammatory bowel disease is associated with an increased risk of malignancies, agents with antiproliferative and anti-inflammatory properties(More)
The recently proposed WHIM (Weighted Holistic Invariant Molecular) approach [Todeschini, R., Lasagni, M. and Marengo, E., J. Chemometrics, 8 (1994) 263] has been applied to molecular surfaces to derive new 3D theoretical descriptors, called MS-WHIM. To test their reliability, a 3D QSAR study has been performed on a series of steroids, comparing the MS-WHIM(More)
The TB Structural Genomics Consortium is an organization devoted to encouraging, coordinating, and facilitating the determination and analysis of structures of proteins from Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The Consortium members hope to work together with other M. tuberculosis researchers to identify M. tuberculosis proteins for which structural information(More)
In type 1 diabetes, inflammatory and immunocompetent cells enter the islet and produce proinflammatory cytokines such as interleukin-1β (IL-1β), IL-12, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNFα) and interferon-γ (IFNγ); each contribute to β-cell destruction, mediated in part by nitric oxide. Inhibitors of histone deacetylases (HDAC) are used commonly in humans but also(More)
BACKGROUND The histone deacetylase inhibitor ITF2357 has potent cytotoxic activity in multiple myeloma in vitro and has entered clinical trials for this disease. DESIGN AND METHODS In order to gain an overall view of the activity of ITF2357 and identify specific pathways that may be modulated by the drug, we performed gene expression profiling of the(More)