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The available mathematical models describing tumor growth and the effect of anticancer treatments on tumors in animals are of limited use within the drug industry. A simple and effective model would allow applying quantitative thinking to the preclinical development of oncology drugs. In this article, a minimal pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic model is(More)
Loss-of-function mutations of the gene encoding GPR54, the putative receptor for the KiSS-1-derived peptide metastin, have been recently associated with hypogonadotropic hypogonadism, in both rodents and humans. Yet the actual role of the KiSS-1/GPR54 system in the neuroendocrine control of gonadotropin secretion remains largely unexplored. To initiate such(More)
OBJECTIVE This paper describes the temporal data mining aspects of a research project that deals with the definition of methods and tools for the assessment of the clinical performance of hemodialysis (HD) services, on the basis of the time series automatically collected during hemodialysis sessions. METHODS Intelligent data analysis and temporal data(More)
A mathematical model for describing the cancer growth dynamics in response to anticancer agents administration in xenograft models is discussed. The model consists of a system of ordinary differential equations involving five parameters (three for describing the untreated growth and two for describing the drug action). Tumor growth in untreated animals is(More)
We present a multi-modal reasoning (MMR) methodology that integrates case-based reasoning (CBR), rule-based reasoning (RBR) and model-based reasoning (MBR), meant to provide physicians with a reliable decision support tool in the context of type 1 diabetes mellitus management. In particular, we have implemented a decision support system that is able to(More)
From April 1994 to December 1997, we studied the microphytobenthic assemblages in surface (0 to 0.5 cm) and subsurface (0.5 to 2 cm) sediments at spring low tide along a transect of 5 stations in an estuarine sandflat of the Seto Inland Sea, Japan. At the innermost sampling station, microphytobenthos biomass (chl a) was also investigated in a vertical(More)
Leptin is secreted by adipocytes and regulates food intake and energy balance through the activation of specific receptors (OB-R). Recent evidence suggests that it is also involved in the control of reproductive processes, by possibly acting on central and peripheral targets. In particular, it has been shown that leptin may indirectly stimulate GnRH release(More)
The preclinical development of antitumor drugs greatly benefits from the availability of models capable of predicting tumor growth as a function of the drug administration schedule. For being of practical use, such models should be simple enough to be identifiable from standard experiments conducted on animals. In the present paper, a stochastic model is(More)