Paolo Macchiarini

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End-stage organ failure is a key challenge for the medical community because of the ageing population and the severe shortage of suitable donor organs available. Equally, injuries to or congenital absence of complex tissues such as the trachea, oesophagus, or skeletal muscle have few therapeutic options. A new approach to treatment involves the use of(More)
BACKGROUND The loss of a normal airway is devastating. Attempts to replace large airways have met with serious problems. Prerequisites for a tissue-engineered replacement are a suitable matrix, cells, ideal mechanical properties, and the absence of antigenicity. We aimed to bioengineer tubular tracheal matrices, using a tissue-engineering protocol, and to(More)
BACKGROUND Tracheal tumours can be surgically resected but most are an inoperable size at the time of diagnosis; therefore, new therapeutic options are needed. We report the clinical transplantation of the tracheobronchial airway with a stem-cell-seeded bioartificial nanocomposite. METHODS A 36-year-old male patient, previously treated with debulking(More)
The growth of a tumour beyond a certain size requires angiogenesis. We assessed whether intensity of angiogenesis correlates with metastasis of non-small-cell lung cancer by counting microvessels and grading their density within the initial carcinomas in 87 T1N0M0 patients. After radical surgery, metastases developed in 22. Both microvessel count and(More)
Extracellular vesicles (EVs) have emerged as important mediators of intercellular communication in a diverse range of biological processes. For future therapeutic applications and for EV biology research in general, understanding the in vivo fate of EVs is of utmost importance. Here we studied biodistribution of EVs in mice after systemic delivery. EVs were(More)
BACKGROUND In 2008, the first transplantation of a tissue-engineered trachea in a human being was done to replace an end-staged left main bronchus with malacia in a 30-year-old woman. We report 5 year follow-up results. METHODS The patient was followed up approximately every 3 months with multidetector CT scan and bronchoscopic assessment. We obtained(More)
A tissue-engineered oesophageal scaffold could be very useful for the treatment of pediatric and adult patients with benign or malignant diseases such as carcinomas, trauma or congenital malformations. Here we decellularize rat oesophagi inside a perfusion bioreactor to create biocompatible biological rat scaffolds that mimic native architecture, resist(More)
In June 2008, the world's first whole tissue-engineered organ - the windpipe - was successfully transplanted into a 31-year-old lady, and about 18 months following surgery she is leading a near normal life without immunosuppression. This outcome has been achieved by employing three groundbreaking technologies of regenerative medicine: (i) a donor trachea(More)
OBJECTIVE Complete resection of advanced pulmonary malignancies infiltrating the heart or the great vessels may require the application of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). Extracorporal circulation, however, is known to cause lung injury and may be harmful especially in pneumonectomies. METHODS Over a period of 10 years extended pulmonary resections(More)
OBJECTIVE Several reports emphasize the importance of en-bloc resection as the optimal surgical treatment of lung cancer with chest wall invasion. We investigated possible factors which could affect long-term survival following radical resection of these tumors. METHODS Between 1981 and 1998, 100 patients (90 male; ten female), with a median age of 60(More)