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Invited Paper The last few decades witnessed the birth and growth of a new sensibility to transportation efficiency. In particular, the need for efficient and improved people and goods mobility pushed researchers to address the problem of intelligent transportation systems. This paper surveys the most advanced approaches to the (partial) customization of(More)
Chemical compounds derived from plants have been used since the origin of human beings to counteract a number of diseases. Among them, the natural isoquinoline alkaloid berberine has been employed in Ayurvedic and Chinese Medicine for hundreds of years with a wide range of pharmacological and biochemical effects. More recently, a growing body of reports(More)
Molecular genetic testing for the 11p15-associated imprinting disorders Silver-Russell and Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome (SRS, BWS) is challenging because of the molecular heterogeneity and complexity of the affected imprinted regions. With the growing knowledge on the molecular basis of these disorders and the demand for molecular testing, it turned out that(More)
Acquired resistance to cisplatin (cDDP) is a multifactorial process that represents one of the main problems in ovarian cancer therapy. Distamycin A is a minor groove DNA binder whose toxicity has limited its use and prompted the synthesis of derivatives such as NAX001 and NAX002, which have a carbamoyl moiety and different numbers of pyrrolamidine groups.(More)
Alkaloids are used in traditional medicine for the treatment of many diseases. These compounds are synthesized in plants as secondary metabolites and have multiple effects on cellular metabolism. Among plant derivatives with biological properties, the isoquinoline quaternary alkaloid berberine possesses a broad range of therapeutic uses against several(More)
The structural effects and thermodynamics of the DNA binding of six berberine analogues with alkyl chains of varying length and a terminal phenyl group at the C-13 position were investigated. All the analogues bound DNA noncooperatively in contrast to the cooperative binding of berberine. The binding affinity was higher and the effect of the chain length(More)
—This paper presents an evolutionary approach able to process a digital image and detect tracks left by preceding vehicles on ice and snow in Antarctica. Biologically inspired by a colony of ants able to interact and cooperate to determine the shortest path to the food, this approach is based on autonomous agents moving along the image pixels and(More)
— To help sharing knowledge in those contexts where documents and services are annotated with semantic information, such as the Semantic Web, defining and implementing the similarity between sets of concepts belonging to a common ontology may prove very useful. In fact, if both the required and the provided pieces of information (be they textual documents,(More)
The way of collecting sensor data will face a revolution when the newly developing technology of distributed sensor networks becomes fully functional and widely available. Smart sensors will acquire full interconnection capabilities with similar devices, so that run-time data aggregation, parallel computing, and distributed hypothesis formation will become(More)
Berberine is a natural isoquinoline alkaloid with significant antitumor activity against many types of cancer cells, including ovarian tumors. This study investigated the molecular mechanisms by which berberine differently affects cell growth of cisplatin (cDDP)-sensitive and -resistant and polyamine analogue cross-resistant human ovarian cancer cells. The(More)