Paolo Lipari

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A precise measurement of the proton flux in primary cosmic rays with rigidity (momentum/charge) from 1 GV to 1.8 TV is presented based on 300 million events. Knowledge of the rigidity dependence of the proton flux is important in understanding the origin, acceleration, and propagation of cosmic rays. We present the detailed variation with rigidity of the(More)
Knowledge of the precise rigidity dependence of the helium flux is important in understanding the origin, acceleration, and propagation of cosmic rays. A precise measurement of the helium flux in primary cosmic rays with rigidity (momentum/charge) from 1.9 GV to 3 TV based on 50 million events is presented and compared to the proton flux. The detailed(More)
A Monte-Carlo calculation of the atmospheric neutrino fluxes [1, 2] has been extended to take account of the three-dimensional (3D) nature of the problem, including the bending of secondary particles in the geomagnetic field. Emphasis has been placed on minimizing the approximations when introducing the 3D considerations. In this paper, we describe the(More)
A precision measurement by the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer on the International Space Station of the positron fraction in primary cosmic rays in the energy range from 0.5 to 350 GeV based on 6.8 × 10(6) positron and electron events is presented. The very accurate data show that the positron fraction is steadily increasing from 10 to ∼ 250  GeV, but, from 20(More)
The well-known Crab Nebula is at the center of the SN1054 supernova remnant. It consists of a rotationally powered pulsar interacting with a surrounding nebula through a relativistic particle wind. The emissions originating from the pulsar and nebula have been considered to be essentially stable. Here, we report the detection of strong gamma-ray (100(More)
In this paper we present the results of a search for nuclearites in the penetrating cosmic radiation using the scintillator and track-etch subdetectors of the MACRO apparatus. The analyses cover the β = v/c range at the detector depth (3700 hg/cm 2) 10 −5 < β < 1; for β = 2 × 10 −3 the flux limit is 2.7 × 10 −16 cm −2 s −1 sr −1 for an isotropic flux of(More)
This work discusses the perspectives to observe fluxes of high energy astrophysical neutrinos with the planned km 3 telescopes. On the basis of the observations of GeV and TeV γ–rays, and of ultra high energy cosmic rays, it is possible to construct well motivated predictions that indicate that the discovery of such fluxes is probable. However the range of(More)
The effects of nuclear re-interactions in quasi elastic and resonant neutrino interactions have been considered in the framework of the nuclear models of the DPMJET code. A preliminary investigation on the modifications induced on the final state has been performed. Some consequences affecting the experimental identification are discussed.
A precision measurement by AMS of the positron fraction in primary cosmic rays in the energy range from 0.5 to 500 GeV based on 10.9 million positron and electron events is presented. This measurement extends the energy range of our previous observation and increases its precision. The new results show, for the first time, that above ∼200  GeV the positron(More)
We present the final results obtained by the MACRO experiment in the search for GUT magnetic monopoles in the penetrating cosmic radiation, for the range 4×10 −5 < β < 1. Several searches with all the MACRO sub-detectors (i.e. scintillation counters, limited streamer tubes and nuclear track detectors) were performed, both in stand alone and combined ways.(More)