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SV40 T antigen (Tag) coding sequences were detected by PCR amplification followed by Southern blot hybridization in human brain tumors and tumor cell lines, as well as in peripheral blood cells and sperm fluids of healthy donors. SV40 early region sequences were found in 83% of choroid plexus papillomas, 73% of ependymomas, 47% of astrocytomas, 33% of(More)
OBJECTIVE To characterize the therapeutic variables correlated to outcome in 370 patients with primary CNS lymphoma. METHODS Planned treatment was radiotherapy (RT) in 98 patients, chemotherapy (CHT) in 32, RT followed by CHT in 36, and CHT followed by RT in 197 patients. High-dose methotrexate (HD-MTX; 1 to 8 g/m2) was used in 169 patients and(More)
PURPOSE To date, no data are available on the relationship between 1p/19q deletions and the response to temozolomide (TMZ) in primary anaplastic oligodendroglioma (AO) and anaplastic oligoastrocytoma (AOA) recurrent after surgery and standard radiotherapy. The aim of this study was to evaluate correlations between 1p/19q deletions, O6-methylguanine DNA(More)
BACKGROUND Cavernous angiomas (CAs) that are localized completely in the spinal epidural space are uncommon vascular malformations. Although they have increasingly been reported in the literature in recent years, diagnostic and surgical features are not clearly defined. METHODS We report five patients with pure spinal epidural cavernous angiomas (PSECAs)(More)
We compared survival in patients with anaplastic astrocytoma (AA) treated with adjuvant procarbazine, lomustine, and vincristine (PCV) with survival in patients treated with temozolomide. A retrospective analysis was made of patients with newly diagnosed AA treated with adjuvant postradiotherapy chemotherapy. Outcome analysis included progression-free(More)
AIMS To demonstrate, immunohistochemically, p53 protein expression in a selection of central nervous system tumours; to investigate the relation between p53 expression and that of the proliferation related antigen, PCNA. METHODS Surgical specimens from 86 central nervous system tumours were routinely fixed, paraffin wax embedded, and immunostained with a(More)
BACKGROUND Nitrosoureas constitute the main resource of chemotherapy for glioblastoma. However, because of chemoresistance, which is intrinsic or rapidly acquired after the first administration of chemotherapy, there have been few improvements in survival. Because O(6)-alkylguanine-DNA alkyltransferase (AGT) is the main target for increasing cell(More)
Sixteen choroid plexus tumors (CPTs) have been investigated for the localization of different immunocytochemical markers of epithelial and nonepithelial nature, namely, simple epithelial-type cytokeratins, vimentin, glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), a panepithelial antigen defined by the lu-5 monoclonal antibody (lu-5 antigen), S-100 protein, and(More)
A retrospective uni-multivariate statistical analysis was performed on 32 prognostic factors to investigate their importance in predicting survival in a series of 76 adult patients with low-grade supratentorial astrocytomas treated over a 13-year period. The end point used for this study was the length of survival. The median survival time was 40 months.(More)
Immunohistochemistry is a powerful diagnostic adjunct in the differential diagnosis between malignant mesothelioma (especially of the epithelial type) and adenocarcinoma metastatic to the serous membranes. Most of the immunological probes commonly used, however, recognize antigens expressed by the epithelial malignancies and absent from mesothelial cells(More)