Paolo Grieco

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Recently we have demonstrated that replacing His(6) by constrained amino acids(2) in the well-known antagonist SHU-9119 resulted in potent and selective antagonist ligands especially at the hMC3R and hMC5 receptors. With the aim to further explore position 6 in the sequence of SHU-9119 and MT-II, we have designed, synthesized, and pharmacologically(More)
Cyclooxygenase (COX) is a key enzyme in the biosynthetic pathway leading to the formation of prostaglandins, which are mediators of inflammation. It exists mainly in two isoforms COX-1 and COX-2. The conventional nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) have gastrointestinal side effects because they inhibit both isoforms. Recent data demonstrate that(More)
Previous investigations indicate that α-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (α-MSH) and certain synthetic analogues of it exert antimicrobial effects against bacteria and yeasts. However, these molecules have weak activity in standard microbiology conditions and this hampers a realistic clinical use. The aim in the present study was to identify novel peptides(More)
The existence of anti-inflammatory circuits centered on melanocortin receptors (MCRs) has been supported by the inhibitory properties displayed by melanocortin peptides in models of inflammation and tissue injury. Here we addressed the pathophysiological effect that one MCR, MCR type 3 (MC3R), might have on vascular inflammation. After occlusion (35 min)(More)
Opioid receptor analyses of deltorphin A (H-Tyr-D-Met-Phe-His-Leu-Met-Asp-NH2) analogues indicated the following: (a) increased negativity differentially affected affinities (Ki) and selectivity (Ki mu/Ki delta); (b) shifted sequence heptapeptides, [Asp5,Leu6,Met-NH2(7)] and [Asp4,His5,Leu6,Met-NH2(7)], reversed selectivity (delta-->mu); (c) substitutions(More)
In this study we have characterized the anti-inflammatory profile of a selective melanocortin type 3 receptor (MC3-R) ligand [D-Trp8]-gamma-MSH, validating in vitro results with analyses in mice deficient for this receptor subtype. In wild-type (WT) macrophages, [D-Trp8]-gamma-MSH activated MC3-R (as tested by accumulation of cyclic AMP) and inhibited(More)
The receptor for the urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPAR) is a widely recognized master regulator of cell migration and uPAR88-92 is the minimal sequence required to induce cell motility. We and others have previously documented that the uPAR88-92 sequence, even in the form of synthetic linear peptide (SRSRY), interacts with the formyl peptide(More)
BACKGROUND Non Muscle Invasive Bladder Transitional Cancer (NMIBC) and Muscle Invasive Bladder Transitional Cancer (MIBC)/invasive have different gene profile and clinical course. NMIBC prognosis is not completely predictable, since the relapse rate is higher than 20%, even in the form of MIBC. The aim of this study is to evaluate if UTR expression can(More)
Urotensin-II was originally isolated from the goby urophysis in the 1960s as a vasoactive peptide with a prominent role in cardiovascular homeostasis. The identification of human isoform of urotensin-II and its specific UT receptor by Ames et al. in 1999 led to investigating the putative role of the interaction U-II/UT receptor in multiple(More)
BACKGROUND Urotensin II (U-II) is a cyclic peptide originally isolated from the neurosecretory system of the teleost fish and subsequently found in other species, including man. U-II was identified as the natural ligand of a G-protein coupled receptor, namely UT receptor. U-II and UT receptor are expressed in a variety of peripheral organs and especially in(More)