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In our search for potent and receptor-selective agonists and antagonists, we report here the results of D-amino acid substitution at each position of the short peptide gamma-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (gamma-MSH). The native gamma-MSH shows weak binding at all three receptors (i.e., the human MC3, MC4, and MC5) and a selectivity of 1-2 orders of(More)
Two melanocortin receptors (MC1 and MC3R) have been identified as main transducers of the anti-inflammatory effects of natural and synthetic melanocortins. In this study, we have taken advantage of the recent description of the selective MC3R agonist [d-Trp(8)]-gamma-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (MSH) and of the recessive yellow (e/e) mouse, bearing a(More)
Here, we report the design of new analogues of spirooxoindolepyrrolidine nucleus as modulators of p53 activity. Compounds (3R,7aR)-6-(4-chlorobenzyl)-1H-spiro[imidazo[1,5-c]thiazole-3,3'-indoline]-2',5,7(6H,7aH)-trione (9c) and (3R,7aR)-5'-methyl-6-(3,4,5-trimethoxybenzyl)-1H-spiro[imidazo[1,5-c]thiazole-3,3'-indoline]-2',5,7(6H,7aH)-trione (10d) are the(More)
Differentiation of the physiological role of the melanocortin receptor 5 MC5R from that of other melanocortin receptors will require development of high affinity and selective antagonists. To date, a few synthetic antagonist ligands active at hMC5 receptor are available, but most do not have appreciable selectivity. With the aim to gain more potent and(More)
The urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor (uPAR) sustains cell migration through its capacity to promote pericellular proteolysis, regulate integrin function, and mediate chemotactic signaling in response to urokinase. We have characterized the early signaling events triggered by the Ser-Arg-Ser-Arg-Tyr (SRSRY) chemotactic uPAR sequence. Cell(More)
BACKGROUND Leukocyte migration across the blood barrier and into tissues represents a key process in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel diseases. The urokinase receptor (urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor) is a master regulator of leukocyte recruitment. We recently found that cyclization of the urokinase-type plasminogen activator(More)
In this study we describe the ability of two human urotensin-II (hU-II) derivatives [Pen5,Orn8]hU-II(4-11) and [Pen5,DTrp7,Orn8]hU-II(4-11) (urantide) to block hU-II-induced contractions in the rat isolated thoracic aorta. Both compounds competitively antagonized hU-II- induced effects with pKB=7.4+/-0.06 (n=12) and pKB=8.3+/-0.09 (n=12), respectively. In(More)
In an effort to develop highly selective and potent agonists and/or antagonists for the hMC3 and hMC4 receptors, a new approach involving the use of linker arms and a backbone to side chain cyclization strategy was employed. Three key analogues were identified to have the required selectivity and potency at the hMC3 or hMC4 receptors, implicated to play(More)
Temporins are naturally occurring peptides with promising features, which could lead to the development of new drugs. Temporin-1Tl (TL) is the strongest antimicrobial peptide, but it is toxic on human erythrocytes and this fact makes the design of synthetic analogues with a higher therapeutic index vital.We studied the structure-activity relationships of a(More)
The existence of anti-inflammatory circuits centered on melanocortin receptors (MCRs) has been supported by the inhibitory properties displayed by melanocortin peptides in models of inflammation and tissue injury. Here we addressed the pathophysiological effect that one MCR, MCR type 3 (MC3R), might have on vascular inflammation. After occlusion (35 min)(More)