Paolo Gresele

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BACKGROUND The characteristics and the clinical course of antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) in high-risk patients that are positive for all three recommended tests that detect the presence of antiphospholipid (aPL) antibodies have not been described. METHODS This retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data examined patients referred to Italian(More)
MYH9-related disease (MYH9-RD) is a rare autosomal-dominant disorder caused by mutations in the gene for nonmuscle myosin heavy chain IIA (NMMHC-IIA). MYH9-RD is characterized by a considerable variability in clinical evolution: patients present at birth with only thrombocytopenia, but some of them subsequently develop sensorineural deafness, cataract,(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS NCX-4016 is a nitric oxide-releasing derivative of aspirin with antiplatelet activity. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of NCX-4016 on gastrointestinal mucosa and platelet functions in healthy human volunteers. METHODS This was a parallel-group, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Forty healthy subjects were(More)
Platelets are necessary for lung leukocyte recruitment in a murine model of allergic inflammation, and platelet-leukocyte aggregates are formed in circulating blood of patients with asthma after allergen exposure. However, it is unknown how platelets induce pulmonary leukocyte recruitment in asthma. Here, we have investigated the importance of platelet(More)
Thromboxane synthase inhibition can lead to two opposing effects: accumulation of proaggregatory cyclic endoperoxides and increased formation of antiaggregatory PGI2 and PGD2. The elimination of the effects of the cyclic endoperoxides by an endoperoxide-thromboxane A2 receptor antagonist should enhance the inhibition of hemostasis by thromboxane synthase(More)
Several epidemiologic observations show that moderate wine drinking reduces cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Wine contains several polyphenols, and among them, resveratrol in particular has been shown to exert a number of important biologic activities on the cardiovascular system that may contribute to the protective effects of wine. The mechanisms(More)
Picotamide (G137 or N,N'-bis[3-picolyl]-4-methoxy-isophtalamide), a drug which has shown platelet inhibitory effects in vitro and ex vivo, was investigated for its mechanism of action on human platelets in vitro. This compound suppresses the aggregation of human platelets induced by arachidonic acid (IC50: 1.8 x 10(-5) M), low-dose collagen (IC50: 3.5 x(More)
Inhibition of platelet aggregation can be achieved either by the blockade of membrane receptors or by interaction with intracellular signalling pathways. Cyclic adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate (cAMP) and cyclic guanosine 3',5'-monophosphate (cGMP) are two critical intracellular second messengers provided with strong inhibitory activity on fundamental platelet(More)
Thromboxane A2 (TXA2) plays a pivotal role in platelet activation and is involved in the development of thrombosis. Thromboxane synthase inhibitors suppress TXA2 formation and increase the synthesis of the antiaggregatory prostaglandins PGI2 and PGD2; however, accumulated PGH2 may interact with the platelet and vessel wall TXA2 receptor, thus reducing the(More)
May-Hegglin anomaly, Sebastian syndrome, Fechtner syndrome, and Epstein syndrome are autosomal dominant macrothrombocytopenias distinguished by different combinations of clinical and laboratory signs, such as sensorineural hearing loss, cataract, nephritis, and polymorphonuclear Döhle-like bodies. Mutations in the MYH9 gene encoding for the nonmuscle myosin(More)