Paolo Giuliani

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We suggest the existence of a characteristic inner scale xi for helicity dissipation in a regime of hydrodynamic fully developed turbulence and estimate it on dimensional grounds. This scale is always larger than the Kolmogorov scale eta and their ratio eta/xi vanishes in the high Reynolds number limit, so the flow will always be helicity free in the small(More)
The chaperonin activity of sequence-related chaperonin 10 proteins requires their aggregation into heptameric structures. We describe size-exclusion chromatography and ultracentrifugation studies that reveal that while Escherichia coli chaperonin 10 exists as a heptamer, the Mycobacterium tuberculosis chaperonin 10 is tetrameric in dilute solutions and in(More)
Intermittency in fluid turbulence can be evidentiated through the analysis of Probability Distribution Functions (PDF) for velocity fluctuations, which display a strong non–gaussian behavior at small scales. In this paper we investigate the occurrence of intermittency in plasma turbulence by studying the departure from the gaussian distribution of PDF for(More)
The Mycobacterium tuberculosis chaperonin 10 protein and fragments corresponding to sequences 59-99, 51-99 and 26-99 were synthesised by the solid-phase methodology using a double coupling protocol and without the aid of capping agents. After the final acid cleavage using the low TFMSA-high HF protocol the polypeptides were purified by either the ion(More)
The peptide corresponding to the C-terminal half of M.tuberculosis hsp10 was synthesised based on the prediction that it might represent an independent structural region of the protein. This hypothesis was confirmed by aggregation and CD studies using this peptide and longer sequences of the protein. The peptide shares about 40-50% sequence homology with(More)
We investigate the Gledzer-Ohkitani-Yamada (GOY) shell model within the scenario of a critical dimension in fully developed turbulence. By changing the conserved quantities, one can continuously vary an "effective dimension" between d=2 and d=3. We identify a critical point between these two situations where the flux of energy changes sign and the helicity(More)
Recently, the sequence of mitochondrial chaperonin 10 from Rattus norvegicus (rat cpn10), with N-terminal acetylation, has been published. Two syntheses of rat cpn10 were performed, the first using a classical carbodiimide-mediated double coupling protocol (Method A) and the second a more efficient HBTU/HOBT/single coupling procedure (Method B). The latter(More)
We review the main properties of shell models for magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) turbulence. After a brief account on shell models with nearest neighbour interactions, the paper focuses on the most recent results concerning dynamical properties and intermittency of a model which is a generalization to MHD of the Gledzer-Yamada-Okhitani (GOY) model for(More)