Paolo Ghiglione

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We previously found an increased risk for ALS in Italian professional soccer players actively engaged between 1970 and 2001 (n =7325). The present study extends previous work with a prospective follow-up of the original cohort to 2006 and investigates the risk of ALS in two other cohorts of professional athletes, basketball players (n =1973) and road(More)
BACKGROUND Understanding the determinants of quality of life (QoL) in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) has become increasingly important with the recent emphasis on the comprehensive management of patients. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the determinants of QoL in ALS using two scales with different theoretical constructs: the Schedule for the Evaluation of(More)
BACKGROUND Five to 10% of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) cases are reported to be familial (FALS), and mutations of SOD1 account for 20% of these cases. However, estimates of SOD1 mutation prevalence have been exclusively based on case series and clinic referral cohorts. OBJECTIVE To assess the frequency and nature of SOD1 mutations in a large(More)
The determinants of ALS caregiver burden and the feeling of the patients as being a burden were assessed using the Caregiver Burden Inventory and the Self-Perceived Burden Scale in 60 caregiver-patient couples. Caregiver burden was correlated to their level of depression and quality of life and, differently from other chronic disorders, increased with the(More)
BACKGROUND Enteral nutrition may be required in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), and is usually achieved by percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG). As PEG is not indicated in patients with severe respiratory impairment, an alternative is percutaneous radiological gastrostomy (PRG), involving air insufflation into the stomach under fluoroscopic(More)
We evaluated the clinical characteristics and outcome of tracheostomy in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) using data from the Piemonte and Valle d'Aosta Register for ALS, a prospective epidemiological register collecting all ALS incident cases in two Italian regions. Among the 1260 patients incident in the period 1995-2004, 134 (10.6%) underwent(More)
The validity of discharge diagnosis of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and of the main procedures performed during hospitalization was assessed using as gold standard the data from the Piemonte and Valle d'Aosta Register for ALS (PARALS), a collaborative population-based registry aimed at determining prospectively the incidence and the factors related(More)
BACKGROUND Although depression has been widely studied in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), there is little information on anxiety. OBJECTIVE To detect anxiety in patients with ALS and their caregivers, comparing the diagnostic and the follow-up phases of the disease and assessing its impact on quality of life (QoL). METHODS Anxiety has been(More)
To evaluate information preferences and information seeking behaviour in ALS patients and caregivers. Sixty ALS patients and caregivers couples were interviewed using a structured questionnaire about the content of diagnosis communication and their information seeking behaviour. The patients (35 men and 25 women) had a mean age of 63.4 years (SD 9.5). The(More)
Histopathologic grading based on increasing anaplasia predicts clinical behavior of pediatric medulloblastomas. The present study was aimed at grading 86 medulloblastomas of adult patients (aged 18 and older) by anaplasia and analyzing the predictive power. Nodularity, desmoplasia, nuclear size, nuclear pleomorphism, necrosis, and endothelial proliferations(More)