Paolo Gancia

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Therapeutic hypothermia (whole body or selective head cooling) is becoming standard of care for brain injury in infants with perinatal hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE). Brain cooling reduces the rate of apoptosis and early necrosis, reduces cerebral metabolic rate and the release of nitric oxide and free radicals. Animal models of perinatal brain(More)
Therapeutic hypothermia (whole body or selective head cooling) is recognized as standard of care for brain injury control in term infants with perinatal hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE). Recent metanalyses and systematic reviews in human newborns have shown a reduction in mortality and long-term neurodevelopmental disability at 12-24 months of age,(More)
OBJECTIVES Our goal was to evaluate the effects of a helium/oxygen mixture (heliox) on pulmonary mechanics and gas exchange in preterm infants during both conventional and noninvasive ventilation. PATIENTS AND METHODS Ten preterm infants, ventilated from birth, were enrolled. Resistive work of breathing, pulmonary compliance, static compliance,(More)
Pasteurella multocida is normally present in respiratory and digestive tract of many domestic and wild animals, but is a rare pathogen in neonatal infection. Here we describe for the first time a case of meningitis complicated by status epilepticus and right parietal lobe cerebritis. The patient showed a dramatic clinical onset characterized by septic(More)
OBJECTIVE EEG and MRI are useful tools to evaluate the severity of brain damage and to provide prognostic indications in asphyxiated neonates. Aim of our study is to analyze the relationship between serial neonatal EEGs and severity and sites of brain lesions on MRI in neonates undergoing hypothermia, following a hypoxic-ischemic injury. PATIENTS AND(More)
Complement-dependent serum bactericidal activity for E. coli K12 was assessed in 12 term infants and in 16 preterm infants. In both groups of newborns, at birth, bactericidal reaction by the classical pathway of complement activation was impaired with respect to normal controls at less than 0.001 level of significance (as estimated by Student's t-test). The(More)
BACKGROUND Perinatal asphyxia is a severe clinical condition affecting around four million newborns worldwide. It consists of an impaired gas exchange leading to three biochemical components: hypoxemia, hypercapnia and metabolic acidosis. METHODS The aim of this longitudinal experimental study was to identify the urine metabolome of newborns with(More)
BACKGROUND The role of nasal continuous positive airways pressure (nCPAP) in the management of respiratory distress syndrome in preterm infants is not completely defined. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the benefits and risks of prophylactic nCPAP in infants of 28-31 weeks gestation. DESIGN Multicentre randomised controlled clinical trial. SETTING Seventeen(More)
The perinatal phase coincides, at its onset (22nd-23rd week of gestation, according to common acknowledgment), with the possible beginning of a extrauterine life susceptible of protraction. The 1st, for some the 4th, week of neonatal life marks the conclusion of the perinatal phase. There are several reasons to burden this period, to which a complex World(More)
The frequency of early-onset neonatal sepsis without prophylaxis is 1-5/1.000 live births. Since year '70 the most frequent causative microorganism is the group B Streptococcus (S. agalactiae, GBS), followed by Escherichia coli. The mortality rate is now reduced to 4% due to the improvement of neonatal intensive care. In the USA, the incidence of GBS(More)