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The new generation of embedded systems for automotive applications can take advantage of low-cost multipro-cessor system-on a chip architectures. The real-time software applications running on these systems require real-time processor scheduling, and also require the management of the communication and synchronization of tasks executing on different(More)
1 Scheduling theory generally assumes that real-time systems are mostly composed of activities with hard real-time requirements. Many systems are built today by composing different applications or components in the same system, leading to a mixture of many different kinds of requirements with small parts of the system having hard real-time requirements and(More)
Next generation embedded systems will demand applications with increasing complexity, that a standard uniprocessor microcontroller architecture will likely be unsuited to support. A possible solution to cope with embedded applications with high computational requirements is to adopt multiple-processor-on-a-chip architec-tures. This paper discusses the(More)
—Ethernet was not originally developed to meet the requirements of real-time industrial automation systems and it was commonly considered unsuited for applications at the field level. Hence, several techniques were developed to make this protocol exhibit real-time behavior, some of them requiring specialized hardware, others providing soft-real-time(More)
The adoption of AUTOSAR in the development of automotive electronics can increase the portability and reuse of functional components. Inside each component, the behavior is represented by a set of runnables, defining reactions executed in response to an event or periodic computations. The implementation of AUTOSAR runnables in a concurrent program executing(More)
The primary goal for real-time kernel software for single and multiple-processor on a chip systems is to support the design of timely and cost effective systems. The kernel must provide time guarantees, in order to predict the timely behavior of the application, an extremely fast response time, in order not to waste computing power outside of the(More)