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Near Infrared Spectroscopy (NIRS) is an emerging technique for brain oxygenation monitoring in newborns complicated by acute and chronic hypoxia. However, data regarding cerebral oxygenation normal values are still lacking and matter of debate. Therefore, we investigate whether NIRS parameters in healthy preterm/term infants are gestational age and delivery(More)
Cerebral monitoring constitutes an emerging issue in perinatal medicine. Near Infrared Spectroscopy (NIRS) monitors brain oxygenation status in sick infants although data in healthy infants are lacking. The present study investigates whether NIRS parameters change according to gestational age and correlate with S100B protein. We recruited 64 healthy(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the natural course of intestinal failure with onset in the neonatal period to provide data regarding the occurrence and to provide a population-based survey regarding the spectrum of underlying diseases. STUDY DESIGN We performed a retrospective chart review including infants admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit of 7 Italian(More)
Osteopenia, a condition characterised by a reduction in bone mineral content, is a common disease of preterm babies between the tenth and sixteenth week of life. Prematurely born infants are deprived of the intrauterine supply of minerals affecting bone mineralization.The aetiology is multifactorial: inadequate nutrients intake (calcium, phosphorus and(More)
OBJECTIVE Data comparing the effectiveness of high-frequency oscillatory ventilation and of conventional mechanical ventilation in the treatment of respiratory distress syndrome of very low birth weight infants are, to date, still matter of debate. We investigated the effects of first intention high-frequency oscillatory ventilation or conventional(More)
BACKGROUND Although beneficial in clinical practice, the INtubate-SURfactant-Extubate (IN-SUR-E) method is not successful in all preterm neonates with respiratory distress syndrome, with a reported failure rate ranging from 19 to 69 %. One of the possible mechanisms responsible for the unsuccessful IN-SUR-E method, requiring subsequent re-intubation and(More)
The design of electronic medical record (EMR) software has a strong impact on user acceptance. To keep up with the growing complexity of activities performed today in Neonatal Intensive Care Units a well-designed EMR must provide an overall vision of all up-to-date information concerning the patient, both machine generated and clinical diagnostics, and be(More)
BACKGROUND The aims of the present study were (i) to characterize the relationship between mean airway pressure (PAW) and reactance measured at 5 Hz (reactance of the respiratory system (X RS), forced oscillation technique) and (ii) to compare optimal PAW (P opt) defined by X RS, oxygenation, lung volume (VL), and tidal volume (VT) in preterm lambs(More)
The study of respiratory mechanics in infants requires a noninvasive accurate measurement of the lung volume changes (DeltaVL). Optoelectronic plethysmography (OEP) allows the assessment of DeltaVL through the measurement of the chest wall surface motion and it has been proved to be accurate in adults. The aim of this study was to apply OEP to newborns and(More)