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Near Infrared Spectroscopy (NIRS) is an emerging technique for brain oxygenation monitoring in newborns complicated by acute and chronic hypoxia. However, data regarding cerebral oxygenation normal values are still lacking and matter of debate. Therefore, we investigate whether NIRS parameters in healthy preterm/term infants are gestational age and delivery(More)
Osteopenia, a condition characterised by a reduction in bone mineral content, is a common disease of preterm babies between the tenth and sixteenth week of life. Prematurely born infants are deprived of the intrauterine supply of minerals affecting bone mineralization.The aetiology is multifactorial: inadequate nutrients intake (calcium, phosphorus and(More)
The development of human body perception has long been investigated, but little is known about its early origins. This study focused on how a body part highly relevant to the human species, namely the hand, is perceived a few days after birth. Using a preferential-looking paradigm, 24- to 48-hr-old newborns watched biomechanically possible and impossible(More)
BACKGROUND Although beneficial in clinical practice, the INtubate-SURfactant-Extubate (IN-SUR-E) method is not successful in all preterm neonates with respiratory distress syndrome, with a reported failure rate ranging from 19 to 69 %. One of the possible mechanisms responsible for the unsuccessful IN-SUR-E method, requiring subsequent re-intubation and(More)
BACKGROUND This study aims to investigate the incidence and the relative risk factors of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) and posterior-ROP (P-ROP): ROP in Zone I and posterior Zone II, as well as to analyze the occurrence of surgical treatment of ROP and to evaluate the short term outcome of the disease in Italy. METHODS It is a prospective multicenter(More)
The therapeutic approach to the management of pulmonary hypertension (PH) is based on strategies to decrease pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) whilst ensuring optimal cardiorespiratory support to improve oxygenation. The goal is to maintain appropriate sys-temic blood pressure, ensure oxygen release to tissues and minimize lesions induced by oxygen and(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate short-term respiratory outcomes in late preterm infants (LPI) compared with those of term infants (TI). METHODS A retrospective study conducted in a single third level Italian centre (2005-2009) to analyse the incidence and risk factors of composite respiratory morbidity (CRM), the need for adjunctive therapies (surfactant therapy,(More)