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This paper surveys the current state-of-the-art of technology, systems and applications in Augmented Reality. It describes work performed by many different research groups, the purpose behind each new Augmented Reality system, and the difficulties and problems encountered when building some Augmented Reality applications. It surveys mobile augmented reality(More)
Organizations are showing growing interest in paradigms where business models and services compatibility is adaptively tested, e.g. by applying automatic systems to check business rules consistency. In this paper, we build on the original proposal by OMG of using first-order logics for representing business vocabularies and propose an approach based on(More)
In this work we propose a fuzzy technique to compare XML documents belonging to a semi-structured flow and sharing a common vocabulary of tags. Our approach is based on the idea of representing documents as fuzzy bags and, using a measure of comparison, evaluating structural similarities between them. Then we suggest how to organize the extracted knowledge(More)
We present a way of building ontologies that proceeds in a bottom-up fashion, defining concepts as clusters of concrete XML objects. Our rough bottom-up ontologies are based on simple relations like association and inheritance, as well as on value restrictions, and can be used to enrich and update existing upper ontologies. Then, we show how automatically(More)
SemanticWeb languages like OWL and RDFS promise to be viable means for representing metadata describing users and resources available over the Internet. Recently, interest has been raised on the use of such languages to represent individual data items contained in Personally Identifiable Information (PII), supporting fine-grained release. To achieve this(More)
'Big Data' techniques are often adopted in cross-organization scenarios for integrating multiple data sources to extract statistics or other latent information. Even if these techniques do not require the support of a schema for processing data, a common conceptual model is typically defined to address name resolution. This implies that each local source is(More)
In computing, Ambient Intelligence (AmI) refers to electronic environments that are sensitive and responsive to the presence of people. The ambient intelligence paradigm is characterized by systems and technologies founded on a situational computing and, more generally, situation awareness substratum dealing with situational context representation and(More)
This paper proposes a methodology for sensor data interpretation that can combine sensor outputs with contexts represented as sets of annotated business rules. Sensor readings are interpreted to generate events labeled with the appropriate type and level of uncertainty. Then, the appropriate context is selected. Reconciliation of different uncertainty types(More)
Ontology-based modelling is becoming increasingly important in the design of complex knowledge management applications. However , many problems related to large-scale ontology development, deployment and collaborative maintenance of related metadata still remain to be solved. Making online modifications to an ontology whose concepts are simultaneously being(More)