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A descriptive epidemiological survey was extended to the whole province of Sassari, northern Sardinia between latitudes 40 degrees 30' N and 41 degrees N. Results showed a crude total prevalence rate of 144.4 per 100000 on prevalence day (31 December 1997), and an onset-adjusted prevalence rate of 149.7 per 100000. The total average annual incidence rate(More)
OBJECTIVES To update prevalence and incidence rates of MS among Sardinians. MATERIALS AND METHODS The present work is a "spider" kind of population based survey, conducted over the interval 1968-97, on patients with MS (Poser criteria) living in the province of Sassari, Northern Sardinia (454,904 population). RESULTS A crude total prevalence rate of(More)
Several lines of evidence indicate a genetic contribution to multiple sclerosis (MS) both in terms of predisposition to the disease and of immunological mechanisms which are known to play crucial roles in MS pathogenesis. The presence of high- and low-risk areas for MS in neighbouring regions supports the theory that MS predisposition is influenced by a(More)
BACKGROUND Human papillomavirus (HPV) has been associated with several disorders of the genital tract, skin and oropharynx. The aims of our study were to evaluate the prevalence of HPV infection in women between 15 and 54 years of age in North Sardinia, Italy, to identify the prevalence of High Risk - Human papillomaviruses (HR-HPV) genotypes and to(More)
BACKGROUND Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted infection. The main risk factors correlated with HPV infection are: early sexual debut, the number of partners, frequency and type of sexual contact and partner's sexual histories.We surveyed sexual habits among young people in order to provide information that might orient(More)
Breast cancer is one of the most important neoplasia among women. To reduce its incidence and mortality impact it would be desirable to early identify risk factors associated with its development. It was recently suggested that biological agents could be the etiological cause, particularly Human Papilloma Virus (HPV). No specific relationship with different(More)
BACKGROUND The present study assessed microbial contamination in Italian dental surgeries. METHODS An evaluation of water, air and surface microbial contamination in 102 dental units was carried out in eight Italian cities. RESULTS The findings showed water microbial contamination in all the dental surgeries; the proportion of water samples with(More)
In Italy, the introduction of Universal Varicella Vaccination (UVV) has been decided but postponed, as a national programme, until 2015, when data from Regions which have already implemented it will be available. Starting from 2003, eight Italian Regions (Basilicata, Calabria, Friuli Venezia Giulia, Apulia, Sardinia, Sicily, Tuscany and Veneto) have(More)
BACKGROUND Human Papilloma virus (HPV) is recognized as the etiological agent of benign and malignant ano-genital lesions. The most prevalent genotypes associated with cervical carcinoma are HPV-16 and -18 worldwide. However, recent studies have emphasized the role of other genotypes, such as HPV-51, in the pathogenesis of cervical dysplasia. The aim of the(More)
The introduction of vaccination against Human Papillomavirus (HPV) in adolescent girls in 2006 has focused virological surveillance on this age group. As few studies have evaluated HPV infections in young populations, further data are needed in order to improve and extend prophylactic policy and to monitor epidemiological changes. The present study aimed at(More)