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Molecular dynamics simulations of the K+ channel from Streptomyces lividans (KcsA channel) were performed in a membrane-mimetic environment with Na+ and K+ in different initial locations. The structure of the channel remained stable and well preserved for simulations lasting up to 1.5 ns. Salt bridges between Asp80 and Arg89 of neighboring subunits, not(More)
Current all-atom potential based molecular dynamics (MD) allows the identification of a protein's functional motions on a wide-range of timescales, up to few tens of nanoseconds. However, functional, large-scale motions of proteins may occur on a timescale currently not accessible by all-atom potential based MD. To avoid the massive computational effort(More)
The mesencephalic dopaminergic (mDA) cell system is composed of two major groups of projecting cells in the Substantia Nigra (SN) (A9 neurons) and the Ventral Tegmental Area (VTA) (A10 cells). Selective degeneration of A9 neurons occurs in Parkinson’s disease (PD) while abnormal function of A10 cells has been linked to schizophrenia, attention deficit and(More)
In the brain, high cognitive functions are encoded by coherent network oscillations. Key players are inhibitory interneurons that, by releasing GABA into principal cells, pace targeted cells. Among these, oriens-lacunosum moleculare (O-LM) interneurons that provide a theta frequency patterned output to distal dendrites of pyramidal cells are endowed with(More)
Extracellular tetraethylammonium (TEA+) inhibits the current carried out by K+ ions in potassium channels. Structural models of wild-type (WT) and Y82C KcsA K+ channel/TEA+ complexes are here built using docking procedures, electrostatics calculations and molecular dynamics simulations. The calculations are based on the structure determined by Doyle et al.(More)
HCN channels are activated by membrane hyperpolarization and regulated by cyclic nucleotides, such as cyclic adenosine-mono-phosphate (cAMP). Here we present structural models of the pore region of these channels obtained by using homology modeling and validated against spatial constraints derived from electrophysiological experiments. For the construction(More)
The interplay between dopamine and alpha-synuclein (AS) plays a central role in Parkinson's disease (PD). PD results primarily from a severe and selective devastation of dopaminergic neurons in substantia nigra pars compacta. The neuropathological hallmark of the disease is the presence of intraneuronal proteinaceous inclusions known as Lewy bodies within(More)
Peptides related to the N-terminal region of calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) were tested for their ability to modulate neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) of rat cultured chromaffin cells under whole cell patch-clamp conditions. Although CGRP(1-7) and CGRP(2-7) depressed responses mediated by nAChRs, CGRP(1-6), CGRP(1-5), or CGRP(1-4)(More)
Structural properties of water inside bovine aquaporin-1 are investigated by molecular simulation. The calculations, which are based on the recently determined X-ray structure at 2.2 A resolution (Sui et al., Nature 2001;414:872-878), are carried out on one monomeric subunit immersed in a water-n-octane-water bilayer. Molecular dynamics (MD) simulations(More)
We present a novel approach to explore the conformational space of globular proteins near their native state. It combines the advantages of coarse-grained models with those of all-atoms simulations, required to treat molecular recognition processes. The comparison between calculated structural properties with those obtained with all-atoms molecular dynamics(More)