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The identification of novel molecular targets crucially involved in motor neuron degeneration/survival is a necessary step for the development of hopefully more effective therapeutic strategies for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients. In this view, S1R, an endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-resident receptor with chaperone-like activity, has recently(More)
Erythropoietin (EPO) mediates a wide range of neuroprotective activities, including amelioration of disease and neuroinflammation in rat models of EAE. However, optimum dosing parameters are currently unknown. In the present study, we used a chronic EAE model induced in mice by immunization with the myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein peptide (MOG35-55) to(More)
Ischemic brain injury resulting from stroke arises from primary neuronal losses and by inflammatory responses. Previous studies suggest that erythropoietin (EPO) attenuates both processes. Although EPO is clearly antiapoptotic for neurons after experimental stroke, it is unknown whether EPO also directly modulates EPO receptor (EPO-R)-expressing glia,(More)
In recent work we reported that systemically administered erythropoietin (EPO) crosses the blood-brain barrier and has protective effects in animal models of cerebral ischemia, brain trauma and in a rat model of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE). Here we characterize the effect of systemic EPO on the inflammatory component of actively induced,(More)
The wobbler mouse is one of the most useful models of motoneuron degeneration, characterized by selective motoneuronal death in the cervical spinal cord. We carried out two parallel studies in wobbler mice, comparing the anti-glutamatergic drug riluzole and the AMPA receptor antagonist RPR119990. Mice were treated with 40 mg/kg/day of riluzole or with 3(More)
Accumulation of β-sheet-rich peptide (Aβ) is strongly associated with Alzheimer's disease, characterized by reduction in synapse density, structural alterations of dendritic spines, modification of synaptic protein expression, loss of long-term potentiation and neuronal cell death. Aβ species are potent neurotoxins, however the molecular mechanism(More)
S100B is a calcium-binding protein that, in the nervous system, is mainly concentrated in glial cells. Although its biological role is still unclear, the protein is hypothesized, at high concentrations, to act in the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative processes, possibly through oxidative stress mechanisms. To investigate this hypothesis we studied the(More)
Chronic treatment with asialo erythropoietin (ASIALO-EPO) or carbamylated erythropoietin (CEPO) improved motor behavior and reduced motoneuron loss and astrocyte and microglia activation in the cervical spinal cord of wobbler mice, an animal model of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, but had no effect on hematocrit values. ASIALO-EPO and CEPO, like the parent(More)
Retinal degeneration is an early and progressive event in many forms of neuronal ceroid lipofuscinoses (NCLs), a heterogeneous group of neurodegenerative disorders with unknown pathogenesis. We here used the mutant motor neuron degeneration (mnd) mouse, a late-infantile NCL variant, to investigate the retinal oxidative state and apoptotic cell death as a(More)
We studied the expression and distribution of glutamate receptor subtypes in the spinal cord of mnd mice, a model of motor neuron disorders and neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis, and control mice using immunocytochemistry and in situ hybridization. The constitutive subunit of the NMDA ionotropic glutamate receptor, NMDAR1, was expressed in all neurons of the(More)