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AIM To assess the accuracy of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in evaluating residual disease after neoadjuvant chemotherapy in patients with large breast cancers. MATERIALS AND METHODS Forty-five women with large breast cancers underwent MRI mammography before and after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (three or six cycles). Dynamic MRI was performed using a 1.5(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to determine the reliability of sonographic American College of Radiology Breast Imaging Reporting And Data System (BI-RADS) classification in differentiating benign from malignant breast masses. METHODS One hundred seventy-eight breast masses studied by sonography with a known diagnosis were reviewed. All lesions(More)
The clinical use of breast magnetic resonance (MR) imaging is increasing, especially for applications requiring paramagnetic contrast-agent injection. This document presents a synthetic list of acceptable indications with potential advantages for women according to evidence from the literature and the expert opinion of the panel that developed this(More)
AIM To assess the utility of diffusion-weighted imaging in diagnosing and characterizing breast malignancy. MATERIALS AND METHODS From April 2006 to April 2009, all consecutive patients with breast cancer undergoing breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and subsequent surgery in our hospital were enrolled in this study. MRI was performed using a 1.5 T(More)
PURPOSE To intraindividually compare 0.1 mmol/kg doses of gadobenate dimeglumine and gadopentetate dimeglumine for contrast material-enhanced breast magnetic resonance (MR) imaging by using a prospective, multicenter double-blind, randomized protocol. MATERIALS AND METHODS Institutional review board approval and patient informed consent were obtained. One(More)
The study was carried out to assess the role of magnetic resonance imaging in the inflammatory carcinoma of the breast. 15 female patients with a clinical diffuse inflammatory process in the breast underwent mammography, sonography and dynamic magnetic resonance imaging. All inflammatory carcinomas showed a patch enhancement pattern and in 7/10 there were(More)
This study presents an in-depth investigation of out-of-pocket payments for health services, formal and informal, in the Republic of Georgia. The main purpose of the study is to: (a) analyze the process of collection and distribution of out-of-pocket or direct payments and particularly of the informal component; (b) explain why they seem to be so prevalent;(More)
The practice of making informal payments in the health sector is common in a number of countries. It has become an important policy issue around the world. These payments can jeopardize governments' attempts to improve equity and access to care and policies targeted to the poor. It is widely believed that a considerable amount of out-of-pocket payment in(More)
Little is known about the factors that can affect informal health payments in Turkey, which is pertinent given that Turkey has been undergoing and considering a series of reforms in the health sector. This paper aims to examine the predictors of informal payments in Turkey. The study surveyed a random sample of 3,727 people in a medium-sized city, of whom(More)
OBJECTIVES : To prospectively compare clinical breast examination, mammography, ultrasonography, and contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in a multicenter surveillance of high-risk women. MATERIALS AND METHODS : We enrolled asymptomatic women aged ≥ 25: BRCA mutation carriers; first-degree relatives of BRCA mutation carriers, and women with(More)