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OBJECTIVES : To prospectively compare clinical breast examination, mammography, ultrasonography, and contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in a multicenter surveillance of high-risk women. MATERIALS AND METHODS : We enrolled asymptomatic women aged ≥ 25: BRCA mutation carriers; first-degree relatives of BRCA mutation carriers, and women with(More)
AIM To describe the radiological appearance of normal and pathological findings resulting from mammary autologous fat injections (lipofilling). MATERIALS AND METHODS Informed consent and institutional review board approval were obtained. From January 2008 to December 2010, all patients that had undergone breast lipofilling at our institution (Catholic(More)
PURPOSE To intraindividually compare 0.1 mmol/kg doses of gadobenate dimeglumine and gadopentetate dimeglumine for contrast material-enhanced breast magnetic resonance (MR) imaging by using a prospective, multicenter double-blind, randomized protocol. MATERIALS AND METHODS Institutional review board approval and patient informed consent were obtained. One(More)
The role of MR-mammography in radial scar was assessed in 4 female patients. All 4 patients showed mammographic findings of radial scar and underwent dynamic MR-mammography. MR-mammographic findings were compared with histopathological results. On MR-mammography a focal enhancing lesion with irregular margins, plateau or rapid wash-out time/signal intensity(More)
The clinical use of breast magnetic resonance (MR) imaging is increasing, especially for applications requiring paramagnetic contrast-agent injection. This document presents a synthetic list of acceptable indications with potential advantages for women according to evidence from the literature and the expert opinion of the panel that developed this(More)
OBJECTIVES Incidental extra-mammary findings in breast Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) may be benign in nature, but may also represent a metastasis or another important lesion. We aimed to analyse the prevalence and clinical relevance of these unexpected findings. METHODS A retrospective review of 1535 breast MRIs was conducted. Only axial sequences were(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to describe the ultrasonographic (US) and mammographic (MX) findings in patients who underwent breast-conserving surgery followed by oxidized regenerated cellulose (ORC) implantation in the surgical cavity and their size variations in follow-up. MATERIALS AND METHODS We retrospectively reviewed 417 MX and 743 US(More)
Women who were previously treated for breast cancer (BC) are an important particular subgroup of women at intermediate BC risk. Their breast follow-up should be planned taking in consideration a 1.0–1.5 % annual rate of loco-regional recurrences and new ipsilateral or contralateral BCs during 15–20 years, and be based on a regional/district invitation(More)
INTRODUCTION Purpose of our study is to evaluate the role of the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) in the diagnosis of recurrent tumor on the scar in patients operated for breast cancer. Assess, therefore, the weight of diagnostic diffusion echo-planar sequence, in association with the morphological and dynamic sequences in the diagnosis of tumor(More)
Women who underwent chest radiation therapy (CRT) during pediatric/young-adult age (typically, lymphoma survivors) have an increased breast cancer risk, in particular for high doses. The cumulative incidence from 40 to 45 years of age is 13–20 %, similar to that of BRCA mutation carriers for whom contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is(More)