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The formation of oxygen-derived free radicals by the phagocytes (neutrophils, eosinophils, monocytes and macrophages) is catalysed by a membrane-bound NADPH oxidase which is dormant in resting cells and becomes activated during phagocytosis or following interaction of the cells with suitable soluble stimulants. This enzyme is under investigation in many(More)
A procedure for the determination of the adhesion of human platelets to protein-coated culture microwells was developed. The number of platelets was quantitated by measuring the activity of acid phosphatase, a platelet enzyme whose activity is stable independently of platelet stimulation and is not released. Isolated and washed platelets were incubated in(More)
The membrane complex alpha(IIb)beta(3) is the major receptor for fibrinogen and is involved in platelet adhesion and aggregation. Evidence has been presented that the Pl(A2) allele of the beta(3) Pl(A1/A2) gene polymorphism might be an independent risk factor for coronary thrombosis, but the matter is still controversial. We investigated the relationship(More)
NADPH oxidase from stimulated guinea pig granulocytes was extracted with deoxycholate. The solubilized enzyme was stable in 20% glycerol. Solubilized enzyme was free of myeloperoxidase activity. The properties of the deoxycholate solubilized enzyme indicated that it is a high molecular weight complex with a flavoprotein, calmodulin and cytochrome b possibly(More)
This study was designed to investigate the putative anxiolytic-like activity of ultra-low doses of Gelsemium sempervirens (G. sempervirens), produced according to the homeopathic pharmacopeia. Five different centesimal (C) dilutions of G. sempervirens (4C, 5C, 7C, 9C and 30C), the drug buspirone (5 mg/kg) and solvent vehicle were delivered intraperitoneally(More)
The first part of this paper reviews the effects of homeopathic remedies on several models of anxiety-like behaviours developed and described in rodents. The existing literature in this field comprises some fifteen exploratory studies, often published in non-indexed and non-peer-reviewed journals. Only a few results have been confirmed by multiple(More)
We studied in vitro the antiplatelet activity of a new nitroderivative chemically related to acetylsalicylic acid: 2 acetoxybenzoate 2-[1-nitroxy-methyl]-phenyl ester (NCX 4016), in order to identify any effects due to the release of nitric oxide and the blockade of cyclo-oxygenase. The effects of scalar doses of NCX 4016 on the early phase of platelet(More)
CD23, the low affinity receptor for IgE, is a 45 kilodalton molecule belonging to the C-type lectin family, some members of which have been identified as adhesion molecules. Since it has been described upregulated in different cells in chronic inflammatory diseases and in rheumatoid arthritis in particular, where neutrophils are directly involved in tissue(More)
We developed a colorimetric assay estimating the radical-scavenging activity of human plasma. The test is based on a measure, in 96-well microplates at 450 nm, of the bleaching of carotenoid crocin by peroxyl radicals generated during thermal decomposition of 2, 2'-azobis-(2-amidinopopane) dihydrochloride (ABAP). The inhibition of this bleaching is a(More)
METHODS The feasibility and outcomes of homeopathic therapy in a group of type-2 diabetes mellitus patients with diabetic neuropathy were studied in a prospective observational study. Patients were followed from baseline (T0) for 6 months (T1) and for 12 months (T2), treatment was adjusted as necessary. Primary outcome was diabetic neuropathy symptom (DNS)(More)