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We describe the development of the baculovirus Autographa californica nuclear polyhedrosis virus (AcNPV) as a vector for the display of distinct proteins on the viral surface in a manner that is analogous to the established bacterial "phage display" systems. As a model system, the marker gene encoding the 26kDa protein glutathione-S-transferase (GST) was(More)
Vaccine strategies for treatment of human papillomavirus-induced cervical cancer are based on either the recombinant E7 fusion oncoprotein or E7 CTL peptides. The therapeutic potential of the E7-based vaccine depends on the use of different adjuvants. In this study, we describe for the first time the expression of the human papillomavirus 16 E7 protein in(More)
The human papillomavirus 16 (HPV16) E7 oncoprotein can be considered a "tumor-specific antigen", and therefore it represents a promising target for a therapeutic vaccine against HPV-associated tumors. Efficient production of E7 protein with a plant-based transient expression system has been already described and it was demonstrated that E7-containing crude(More)
The arthropod-borne Toscana virus has been associated with acute neurological disease in humans. In this study, the viral envelope glycoproteins were expressed in soluble form in a baculovirus system. The recombinant sGN and sGC proteins were used as viral antigens in a Western blot assay to analyze the specific immune response in sera from patients with(More)
Epitheliotropic viruses can find their way into sewage. The aim of the present study was to investigate the occurrence, distribution, and genetic diversity of Human Papillomaviruses (HPVs) in urban wastewaters. Sewage samples were collected from treatment plants distributed throughout Italy. The DNA extracted from these samples was analyzed by PCR using(More)
Human papillomaviruses (HPVs) have been detected in urban wastewaters, demonstrating that epitheliotropic viruses can find their way into sewage through the washing of skin and mucous membranes. Papillomavirus shedding through faeces is still an unexplored issue. The objective of the present study was to investigate the presence of HPVs in stool samples. We(More)
The prevalence and genetic diversity of human bocaviruses (HBoVs) in sewage water samples are largely unknown. In this study, 134 raw sewage samples from 25 wastewater treatment plants (WTPs) in Italy were analyzed by nested PCR and sequencing using species-specific primer pairs and broad-range primer pairs targeting the capsid proteins VP1/VP2. A large(More)
The complete nucleotide sequence of Toscana (TOS) virus (Bunyaviridae, Phlebovirus) L segment was determined. The L segment is 6404 nucleotides long, containing a single open reading frame (ORF) in the viral complementary sense coding for a protein of 2095 amino acids that, as in the case of negative strand RNA viruses, could be part of the RNA polymerase(More)
OBJECTIVE One of the factors leading to an invasive phenotype is the nm23 family of metastases-associated genes. Of the six known members, nm23-H1 is the most frequently studied potential anti-metastatic gene in cervical cancer. However, the possible molecular links to oncogenic human papillomavirus (HPV) are completely unexplored as yet. MATERIALS AND(More)
A transcription system for Toscana virus (TOSV) (a member of the family BUNYAVIRIDAE:, genus PHLEBOVIRUS:) was constructed. For in vivo expression, the TOSV transcription system uses the viral N and L proteins and an S-like RNA genome containing the chloramphenicol acetyltransferase reporter gene in the antisense orientation flanked by the viral genomic 5'-(More)