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Neandertals are the best-studied of all extinct hominins, with a rich fossil record sampling hundreds of individuals, roughly dating from between 350,000 and 40,000 years ago. Their distinct fossil remains have been retrieved from Portugal in the west to the Altai area in central Asia in the east and from below the waters of the North Sea in the north to a(More)
The issue of spatial information sharing and harmonisation has become of the uttermost importance in the European context, with the European Community strongly engaged not only in political and economic changes and integration, but more and more tackling technical and scientific problems. In the field of geospatial information, the need for harmonised and(More)
Pressure flaking has been considered to be an Upper Paleolithic innovation dating to ~20,000 years ago (20 ka). Replication experiments show that pressure flaking best explains the morphology of lithic artifacts recovered from the ~75-ka Middle Stone Age levels at Blombos Cave, South Africa. The technique was used during the final shaping of Still Bay(More)
Cannibalism is a provocative interpretation put forth repeatedly for practices at various prehistoric sites, yet it has been so poorly supported by objective evidence that later, more critical reviews almost invariably reject the proposal. The basic data essential to a rigorous assessment of a cannibalism hypothesis include precise contextual information,(More)
Context: The wide family of the phytoestrogens has become an alternative to the classical hormonal therapy in menopause, nevertheless some findings are still conflicting. Objective: To examine the effect of genistein administration on metabolic parameters and vascular reactivity considering the basal endocrine status of the patients. Design: Randomized(More)
The classification of archaeological assemblages in the Middle Stone Age of South Africa in terms of diversity and temporal continuity has significant implications with respect to recent cultural evolutionary models which propose either gradual accumulation or discontinuous, episodic processes for the emergence and diffusion of cultural traits. We present(More)
—In this work, we investigate a novel semantic approach for pattern discovery in trajectories that, relying on ontologies, enhances object movement information with event semantics. The approach can be applied to the detection of movement patterns and behaviors whenever the semantics of events occurring along the trajectory is, explicitly or implicitly,(More)
Gas chromatography/mass spectrometry, proteomic and scanning electron microscopy with energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (SEM/EDS) analyses of residue on a stone flake from a 49,000 year-old layer of Sibudu (South Africa) indicate a mixture of ochre and casein from milk, likely obtained by killing a lactating wild bovid. Ochre powder production and use(More)
Following the approaches and motivations given in recent works about constructive interpretation of description logics, we introduce the constructive description logic KALC. This logic is based on a Kripke-style semantics inspired by the Kripke semantics for Intuitionis-tic first order logic. In the paper we present the main features of our semantics and we(More)